Ontological Argument Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ontological Argument Deck (17)
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1
Q

Anselm

A

11th century
Aimed to affirm beliefs and “Refute the fool who says in his heart that there’s no God” psalm 14:1
Definition of God-that which nothing greater can be achieved

2
Q

Fools features

A

Understands the claim that God exists
Doesn’t believe in his existence
Internally inconsistent
A reductio ad absurdium

3
Q

Proslogion 2

A

P1-God is that which nothing greater can be achieved
P2-it is different to exist in re than in intellectu
P3-better to exist in re
C-God has to exist de dicto otherwise he would not be the greatest thing

4
Q

Proslogion 3

A

P1-God is that which nothing greater can be achieved
P2-it is different to exist necessarily than contingent
P3-better to be necessary
P4-God must exist necessarily to be greatest thing
C-God exists

5
Q

Descartes

A

Impirical evidence=unreliable

Based on innate ideas rather than definitions

6
Q

Descartes premises

A

P1-I exist
P2-in my mind u have the concept of a PB
P3-as an imperfect being the concept could not have come from my mind
P4-the concept of a PB must have come from one
P5-a PB exists
C-God exists

7
Q

Malcolm

A

Argued that the nature of God meant that if he didn’t exist necessarily-he didn’t exist at all
There cannot be a merely possible necessary being as a necessary being cannot not exist

8
Q

Malcolm’s premises

A

P1-the definition of God is that of a necessary being
P2-so though G’s existence is disputed, if he does exist, his existence is necessary
P3-it follows that G’s existence is either necessary or impossible
P4-there’s no disproof of God
C-God exists necessarily

9
Q

Criticism of Malcolm

A

Negamount
A necessary gold mountain (uses same premises)
Something’s existence is only impossible if the concept of self contradictory or logically absurd

10
Q

Guanilo’s objection

A

The lost island
No intrinsic maximum
And the lost island could logically exist

11
Q

Strength

A

Deductive-the definition of God is accepted by atheists

12
Q

Strength II

A

Anselms definition fits in with our intuition of God

13
Q

Weakness

A

Hume-cannot define things into existence

Needs substantial proof

14
Q

Weakness II

A

Aquinas-we don’t have an agreed definition of God

15
Q

Weakness III

A

Kant-existence is not a predicate of things

16
Q

Basics / Intro

A

Ontos- Greek for study of existence
A priori
Analytic
Deductive

17
Q

Strength III

A

If you agree with the definition-it does make logical sense

Also all the main argument lost island and Negamount are basically the same and both have the same shortcomings