Why doesn’t a person’s “guts” spill out onto the floor when they are attacked and eviscerated by a ninja?
The midgut and hindgut are tethered by the dorsal mesogastrum.
The midgut and the hindgut leave the abdomen during what week of development? When do they return? Why do they leave in the first place?
Leave wk 5. Return wk 10. Leave to give abdomen time to enlarge and to allow them to move around so that they can rotate 270 degrees.
What are the arterial branches of the Superior Mesogastric artery?
The superior mesogastric artery branches off the abdominal aorta to supply the midgut. Its branches are: Jejunal a Ileal a. Ileocolic a. Appendicular a. Right colic a. Middle colic a.
What area does the Jejunal artery supply?
What area does the Ileal artery supply?
What area does the Ileocolic artery supply?
Cecum, ileum, vermiform appendix, ascending colon.
What area does the Appendicular artery supply?
What area does the Right colic artery supply?
What area does the Middle colic artery supply?
Why is it important to know the branches of the SMA and what organs they supply?
It tells the surgeon where to resect, as resection is done to include everything perfused by the artery and veins where the primary tumor is located
What is the fuel, that also happens to be the most abundant amino acid found in the blood, used by enterocytes?
What fuel do colonocytes (cells of the large intestine/colon) use?
Short-chained fatty acids
What structures run in the mesentery?
Arteries, veins and lymphatic structures
Where does the mesentary insert?
The posterior aspect of the hollow viscera
How is the surface area of the small intestine increased millions if not billions of times from what it would be if it was just a PVC pipe?
A remarkable, fractal, system of plica, villi, and microvilli. Plica circulares are large circular folds created by contraction of the muscularis mucosa. Villi are folds of mucosa covered by a single layer of enterocytes, the main functional cell of the intestines. Microvilli are projections of enterocyte cell membranes into the lumen, also called the brush border.
Why is it bad sometimes for lymphatic drainage if a person gets stabled in the left neck?
The thoracic duct empties into the junction of the left subclavian and the internal carotid vein.
What structure in a villi marks the beginning of the lymphatic collection system in the GI tract?