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Flashcards in Organic Molecules Deck (30):
0

When we eat our bodies break down food into tiny particles, called

Organic molecules

1

Since organic molecules are large we call them?

Macromolecules

2

The four types of macromolecules are?

Carbohydrates

Lipids

Proteins

Nucleic acids

3

Carbohydrates main function is to?

Main source of fuel (provides energy)
Used for structure

4

Carbohydrates are found in what foods?

Bread
Cake
Potatoes
Pasta

5

Carbohydrates are made of?

Glucose

6

What is a simple carbohydrate?

Made up of glucose(a simple sugar)

7

Simple carbohydrates are called?

Monosaccharides

8

What are complex carbohydrates made up of?

Starch(a complex sugar)

9

Complex carbohydrates are called?

Polysaccharides

10

Plants have a complex sugar called?

Cellulose

11

When humans eat cellulose we call it?

Cellulose fiber

12

Once carbohydrates are broken down they're converted into?

Glucose

13

Glucose is stores in plants as?

Starch and cellulose

14

Animals store energy in the complex carbohydrate as?

Glycogen

15

When we have too much glucose to be converted into glycogen what happens?

The remainder is stored as far

16

Lipids are made up of?

Fatty acid chains

17

Each lipid consists of?

1 glycerol and 3 fatty acids

18

Saturated means that?

Each bond is completely filled with hydrogens

19

Unsaturated means that?

Each bond is NOT completely filled with hydrogen

There is at least one carbon double bond, making them kinked

20

Transfat acts like?

Saturated fat

21

Which is healthier unsaturated fat or saturated fat?

Unsaturated fat is healthier

22

Lipids function is to?

Provide thermal warmth, protection

23

Where are proteins found?

Found in muscles

24

Each amino acid is connected by?

A bond called a peptide bond

25

Proteins are made up?

Amino acids

26

Where are proteins found in plants?

In their seeds

27

Nucleic acids are made up of?

Nucleotides

28

Examples of nucleotides are?

DNA and RNA

29

Nucleic acids important because they?

Help cells replicate and build proteins