Flashcards in Organic Molecules Deck (30):
When we eat our bodies break down food into tiny particles, called
Since organic molecules are large we call them?
The four types of macromolecules are?
Carbohydrates main function is to?
Main source of fuel (provides energy)
Used for structure
Carbohydrates are found in what foods?
Carbohydrates are made of?
What is a simple carbohydrate?
Made up of glucose(a simple sugar)
Simple carbohydrates are called?
What are complex carbohydrates made up of?
Starch(a complex sugar)
Complex carbohydrates are called?
Plants have a complex sugar called?
When humans eat cellulose we call it?
Once carbohydrates are broken down they're converted into?
Glucose is stores in plants as?
Starch and cellulose
Animals store energy in the complex carbohydrate as?
When we have too much glucose to be converted into glycogen what happens?
The remainder is stored as far
Lipids are made up of?
Fatty acid chains
Each lipid consists of?
1 glycerol and 3 fatty acids
Saturated means that?
Each bond is completely filled with hydrogens
Unsaturated means that?
Each bond is NOT completely filled with hydrogen
There is at least one carbon double bond, making them kinked
Transfat acts like?
Which is healthier unsaturated fat or saturated fat?
Unsaturated fat is healthier
Lipids function is to?
Provide thermal warmth, protection
Where are proteins found?
Found in muscles
Each amino acid is connected by?
A bond called a peptide bond
Proteins are made up?
Where are proteins found in plants?
In their seeds
Nucleic acids are made up of?
Examples of nucleotides are?
DNA and RNA