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Flashcards in Organization Needs Assessment Deck (16):
1

What is a general term that encompasses many different computer-related components?

Information Technology

2

What is the most basic and vital information and technology components of any business?

Business information systems

3

What are the categories of business information system?

Transaction processing systems, enterprise resource planning systems, decision support systems, and executive information systems

4

What are the components of Information Technology?

Hardware, Software, Network, People, and Data/Information

5

What are the functions performed on data?

Collect, process, store, transform, and distribute

6

What are the transaction cycles?

Revenue, expenditure, production, HR/Payroll, and Financing cycles

7

What are functional areas that make up the data processing cycle?

Data input, data storage, data processing, and information output

8

What type of codes are used to list transaction with no duplicates nor gaps in the number sequence?

Sequence codes

9

What type of codes use blocks of numbers to group similar items?

Block codes

10

What type of codes are used a group of numbers with meaning?

Group codes

11

What is the sequence for computer storage of data?

Entity, attributes, field, record, data value, file, master file, transaction file, and database

12

What are the methods of data processing?

Batch processing and Online Real-Time Processing

13

What are the advantages of centralized processing?

Enhanced data security and consistent processing

14

What are the disadvantages of centralized processing?

Possible High Cost, Need for Processing Power and Data Storage, Reduction in Local Accountability, Bottlenecks, Delay in Response Time, and Increased Vulnerability

15

What type of report presents summary information necessary for management action?

Dashboard reports

16

What type of report is produced when a specific condition or exception occurs?

Exception reports