Flashcards in Organization Needs Assessment Deck (16):
What is a general term that encompasses many different computer-related components?
What is the most basic and vital information and technology components of any business?
Business information systems
What are the categories of business information system?
Transaction processing systems, enterprise resource planning systems, decision support systems, and executive information systems
What are the components of Information Technology?
Hardware, Software, Network, People, and Data/Information
What are the functions performed on data?
Collect, process, store, transform, and distribute
What are the transaction cycles?
Revenue, expenditure, production, HR/Payroll, and Financing cycles
What are functional areas that make up the data processing cycle?
Data input, data storage, data processing, and information output
What type of codes are used to list transaction with no duplicates nor gaps in the number sequence?
What type of codes use blocks of numbers to group similar items?
What type of codes are used a group of numbers with meaning?
What is the sequence for computer storage of data?
Entity, attributes, field, record, data value, file, master file, transaction file, and database
What are the methods of data processing?
Batch processing and Online Real-Time Processing
What are the advantages of centralized processing?
Enhanced data security and consistent processing
What are the disadvantages of centralized processing?
Possible High Cost, Need for Processing Power and Data Storage, Reduction in Local Accountability, Bottlenecks, Delay in Response Time, and Increased Vulnerability
What type of report presents summary information necessary for management action?