Flashcards in Osmosis Questions Deck (24)
Vincristine + Mechlorethamine + Procarbazine + Pednisone = Tx for what?
Name the standard 4-drug therapy for ALL.
Vincristine, Daunorubicin, Asparagine, and Prednisone
All-trans-retinoic acid is used for what?
How long is an apneic episode in a newborn?
At least 20 seconds, or with significant oxygen desaturation or bradycardia
What is the MOA of caffeine therapy to treat apnea of prematurity?
Methylxanthines inhibit adenosine receptors (act as stimulant: increase heart rate, stimulate respiration)
What type of rash can be caused by Amoxicillin?
What drugs are known to trigger erythema multiforme?
Amoxicillin, Penicillin, Cephalosporins, Macrolides, Sulfonamides
What kind of anemia results from renal failure?
Normochromic/Normocytic (decreased EPO production from kidneys)
Meningitis + Petechiae = ?
#1 cause of meningitis in all ages except neonates = ?
#1 cause of meningitis in neonates = ?
Meconium ileus of newborn = ?
What type of brain tumors are common for tuberous sclerosis?
Cortical tuber; Subependymal nodules; Giant-cell astrocytomas
What type of brain tumor is NOT common for tuberous sclerosis?
Medulloblastoma = not common with TS
Active boy 12-15 yo with swelling and pain over tibial tubercle without knee joint involvement.
What is the leading cause of accidental injury in a child age 1-4?
Respiratory depression + Vomiting + Hypoglycemia = ?
Idiopathic Avascular Necrosis in a boy 5-10 yo?
Heel pain worse with first steps in the morning
Define Sever Disease
Inflammation of the calcaneal growth plate; runners that experience heel pain and sweeling at the Achilles tendon.
What is appropriate treatment for a hemangioma?
No treatment indicated if not on comsetically sensitive area; If on face apply topical corticosteroid or topical timolol
What is the most common location of an intussusception?
Abdominal pain + bilious vomiting + currant jelly stool = ?