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Flashcards in Osmosis Questions Deck (24)
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1

Vincristine + Mechlorethamine + Procarbazine + Pednisone = Tx for what?

Hodgkin Disease

2

Name the standard 4-drug therapy for ALL.

Vincristine, Daunorubicin, Asparagine, and Prednisone

3

All-trans-retinoic acid is used for what?

AML

4

How long is an apneic episode in a newborn?

At least 20 seconds, or with significant oxygen desaturation or bradycardia

5

What is the MOA of caffeine therapy to treat apnea of prematurity?

Methylxanthines inhibit adenosine receptors (act as stimulant: increase heart rate, stimulate respiration)

6

What type of rash can be caused by Amoxicillin?

Erythema Multiforme

7

What drugs are known to trigger erythema multiforme?

Amoxicillin, Penicillin, Cephalosporins, Macrolides, Sulfonamides

8

What kind of anemia results from renal failure?

Normochromic/Normocytic (decreased EPO production from kidneys)

9

Meningitis + Petechiae = ?

Neiserria meningitis

10

#1 cause of meningitis in all ages except neonates = ?

Strep pneumo

11

#1 cause of meningitis in neonates = ?

GBS

12

Meconium ileus of newborn = ?

Cystic Fibrosis

13

What type of brain tumors are common for tuberous sclerosis?

Cortical tuber; Subependymal nodules; Giant-cell astrocytomas

14

What type of brain tumor is NOT common for tuberous sclerosis?

Medulloblastoma = not common with TS

15

Active boy 12-15 yo with swelling and pain over tibial tubercle without knee joint involvement.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

16

What is the leading cause of accidental injury in a child age 1-4?

Drowning

17

Respiratory depression + Vomiting + Hypoglycemia = ?

Alcohol ingestion

18

Idiopathic Avascular Necrosis in a boy 5-10 yo?

Legg-Calve-Perthes disease

19

Heel pain worse with first steps in the morning

Plantar fasciitis

20

Define Sever Disease

Inflammation of the calcaneal growth plate; runners that experience heel pain and sweeling at the Achilles tendon.

21

What is appropriate treatment for a hemangioma?

No treatment indicated if not on comsetically sensitive area; If on face apply topical corticosteroid or topical timolol

22

What is the most common location of an intussusception?

Ileocecal valve

23

Abdominal pain + bilious vomiting + currant jelly stool = ?

Intussusception

24

Differentiate testicular torsion and epididymitis.

Epididymitis = increased blood flow with positive cremasteric reflex; Testicular torsion = ischemia with negative cremasteric reflex