Osteology Flashcards Preview

Part 1 Boards Spinal > Osteology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Osteology Deck (45):
1

SKULL ossification begins ? weeks (embryo)

7-8weeks

2

frontal and parietal; suture

coronal

3

2 parietals; suture

sagittal

4

between the bilateral parietal bones

sagittal suture

5

between the parietal and occipital bone

lambdoid suture

6

fronto-parietal articulation

coronal suture

7

intermaxillary, interpalatine, palato-maxillary sutures

cruciate suture (roof mouth)

8

temporal and parietal bone junction

squamous suture

9

formed by the cribriform plate and crista galli

ethmoid

10

hard palate, palatine and orbital processes

maxillary

11

sella turcica, foramen ovale, rotundum, lacerum, spinosum and more

sphenoid

12

sphenoid, frontal, zygomatic, palatine, ethmoid, lacrimal, maxillary

orbit some funny zebras play easy listening music

13

VC ossification begins (embryo)

7-8weeks

14

how many primary ossification centers; completed by what age

three; 3-6 yo

15

name the three primary ossification centers of the VC

body (centrum), each vertebral arch becomes lamina and pedicle

16

how many secondary ossification centers of the VC and are completed by what age

five; 25th year

17

what are the five VC secondary ossification centers

one: tip of SP; two: TP; two: annular ring epiphyses (sup and inf aspect of body

18

lumbars have how many additional ossification centers and for what

2 more, mamillary processes

19

bone type which have no direct sternal attachment (attach by costal cartilage)

flat bones

20

how many pairs of ribs

12

21

typical ribs

ribs 3-9

22

atypical ribs

1,2,11 and 12

23

shortest rib, costochondral joint articulates manubrium, scalene tubercle location, support subclavian vessels

1st rib

24

thinner, 2x length rib 1, serratus anterior tuberosity

2nd rib

25

short, no neck or tubercle, floaters (do no articulate sternum), only articulates with VB, single facet on head, end capped cartilage

11 and 12th rib

26

located on manubrium, anterior T3-T4 vertebra

jugular notch aka suprasternal notch

27

manubrium/sternum meet, 2nd rib attachment

angle of louis

28

sternum aka

gladiolus

29

located T5-T9, costal notches form lateral border

sternum

30

xiphisternal cartilaginous joint

xiphoid process

31

xiphoid process landmarks

diaphragm, diaphragmatic surface liver, inferior border heart

32

sacrum is how many fused vertebra by what age

5; 25

33

base of sacrum

sacral promontory

34

lateral sides (wings) of sacrum

sacral ala

35

branches of sacral spinal nerves pass through here

sacral foramina

36

articulates with coccyx

sacral apex

37

hyoid bone landmark

C3

38

cornu of thyroid landmark

C4

39

body of thyroid landmark

C5

40

cricoid cartilage landmark

C6

41

carotid tubercle landmark

C6

42

how many atypical vertebra in adults

9

43

lowest level vertebral artery

C6

44

joints of luska are where

C2-C6

45

boundaries of the IVF

pedicle, facets, body, disc