P-5010 CH-8 Medical Entomology & Pest Control Technology Flashcards Preview

*** OCCUPATIONAL REFERENCES - SEPT 2014 *** > P-5010 CH-8 Medical Entomology & Pest Control Technology > Flashcards

Flashcards in P-5010 CH-8 Medical Entomology & Pest Control Technology Deck (80):
1

WHAT IS CHAPTER 8 OF THE MANUAL OF NAVAL PREVENTIVE MEDICINE?

MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY AND PEST CONTROL TECHNOLOGY

2

WHAT DOES (DVECC) STAND FOR?

Disease Vector Ecology and Control Centers

3

WHAT DOES (DVECC) STAND FOR?

Disease Vector Ecology and Control Centers

4

Refers to organisms, primarily arthropods and rodents

DEFINITION OF A VECTOR

5

Who must attend pest control training?

THE SEL MDR & PMT Corpsman

6

How often is shipboard pest control training conducted?

Once a year

7

Is any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest

Definition of Pesticides

8

Acaricides, avicides, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, molluscicides, nematocides, rodenticides

Are Shipboard Pesticides

9

A substance used to control mites, scorpions, spiders, ticks and related organisms

Acaricides

10

Used to control the adult stage of an insect

Adulticide

11

Used to control the larval stage of an insect.

Larvicide

12

Used against the egg stage of an insect.

Ovicide

13

Used to control rodents.

Rodenticide

14

Are compounds of mineral origin and mainly include arsenic, copper, mercury, sulfur or zinc

Inorganic pesticides

15

Are a group of synthetic organic compounds with one or more chlorine atoms. Chlordane, dieldrin, and DDT are examples

Chlorinated hydrocarbons

16

Synthetic compounds containing phosphorous

Organophosphates

17

Are synthetic compounds of salts or esters of carbamic acid. Carbaryl and propoxur are examples

Carbamates

18

Are pesticides of plant origin. Pyrethrums and rotenone are examples.

Botanical

19

They are effective for penetrating cracks and crevices. They may be used around electrical equipment or power

Oil Solutions

20

Consists of droplets of an emulsifiable pesticide dispersed in a diluent in such\na way as to prevent separation of the two components

Emulsions

21

Are preparations of pesticide impregnated into particles of highly\nabsorptive clays and earths which are graded by sizes ranging from coarse pebble–like pellets to those with a consistency of fine sand

Granules/Pellets

22

This miscellaneous grouping includes the application of pesticides by brush or roller, as a paste, grease, or cream, or as solid formulations which vaporize slowly in air.

Nonparticle pesticides.

23

Are materials that enhance the effectiveness of basic toxicant chemicals by altering their physical or chemical characteristics

Additives

24

Used only in airtight spaces which prevent dissipation

Gases and Vapors

25

Suspension of liquid or solid particles in air

Aerosols

26

Are dispersed particles in which the particles are intermediate in size

Mists

27

Spray droplets are considered to be from 100 to 400 microns in diameter

Fine Sprays

28

Consist of droplets over 400 microns in diameter

Coarse Sprays

29

What is Highly Toxic? (How much does it take to administer death)

0–50 mg/kg

30

What is Moderately Toxic? (How much does it take to administer death)

50–500 mg/kg

31

What is a Musca domestics?

A House fly

32

What is a (Calliphora, Chrysomya, Lucilia, Phaenicia, Phormia, etc.)?

Blow Fly

Blow flies lay eggs in wounds causing myiasis

33

What is a (Sarcophagi and Wohlfahrtia)?

Flesh Fly

34

What is Glossina spp.?

Tsetse Fly

cleaver shaped pattern in the wing

Transmits African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)

35

What is Phlebotomus spp.?

Sand Fly

36

What is a Simulium spp.?

Black Fly

37

What is a Tabanus, Chrysops, etc.?

Horse and Deer Fly

38

First in importance among the insects that transmit disease to man

Mosquitoes

39

Generally most frequently associated with disease transmission, mosquitoes are

Aedes, Anopheles and Culex

40

Are responsible for the transmission of louse–borne typhus, trench fever and louse–borne relapsing fever.

Human Lice

41

Are probably the most common and persistently troublesome arthropod\npest encountered indoors

Cockroaches

42

What is a Blatella germanica?

German Cockroach
Most common indoor species

43

What is a Supella longipalpa?

Brown–banded cockroach

44

What is a Periplaneta americana?

American cockroach
Long fecal pellets

45

What is a Periplaneta australasiae?

Australian cockroach
Has yellow strip on back; liquid fecal droppings

46

They are known to transmit diseases to man and animals.

Ticks

47

Which vectors transmits Q fever and endemic relapsing fever, and Lyme disease?

Ticks

48

What is Xenopsylla cheopis?

The oriental rat flea
Transmits Plague

49

What vector transmits the Plague?

The oriental rat flea

50

What vector causes ulcerating lesions on the feet of man and of animals?

Burrowing flea

51

What is Tunga Penetrans?

Burrowing flea

52

What flea needs an animal hosts to breed?

Sand Flea

53

What vectors may serve as reservoirs for plague, endemic typhus, tularemia and other debilitating diseases?

Rodents such as rats, mice and\nground squirrels

54

What vector causes the most damage from contamination of supplies?

Rodents

55

What is a Rattus norvegicus?

The Norway, brown or gray rat,

Diet consists of meat & fish

Tail shorter than length of body

56

What is Rattus rattus alexandrines?

The Roof rat

Diet consists of fruits & vegetables

Tail longer than length of body

57

What is Mus musculus?

The house rat

58

What are the measurements for rodent proofing all necessary openings for all structures that are built?

28 gauge 95 mm (3/8 in) mesh galvanized hardware

59

How does the Navy prevent rodents from boarding ships?

Rat Guards

60

What is the minimum diameter of a rat guard?

36 in diameter

61

Where should the rat guard be mounted?

At least 6 feet from the closet point on shore or ship

62

What certifies a Navy vessel that there is no rats, on–board?

Deratization Certification

63

Where are the requirements for Deratization certification found?

NAVMEDCOMINST 6250.7

64

Vesicating come from what?

blister beetles

65

Cytolytic come from what?

brown recluse spider

66

Hemolytic come from what?

horse flies

67

Are fast moving, dorso–ventrally flat, elongate arthropods having one pair of legs per body segment.

Centipedes

68

These arthropods are slow moving, rounded, elongated arthropods with two pairs of legs per body segment

Millipedes

69

Are venomous arachnids that rarely sting man, and then, only when provoked?

Scorpions

70

Considered dangerous because of the hemolytic and neurotoxic\nvenom properties

Scorpions

71

Tachypnea, tachycardia, nausea, Glycosuria, epigastric pain and tenderness, excessive salivation, slurred speech, tissue discoloration and necrosis, are what?

Scorpion bites

72

May cause mild to severe contact dermatitis, nodular conjunctivitis, respiratory pain, headache and convulsions

Caterpillars

73

Cockroach Bait stations

replace every 2 months

74

Mites

Transmit Scrub Typhus

Larval stage of mites = chiggers

Scabies = intense itching, especially at night

Kill with Lindane 1%

75

 Rat guards 36 inches in diameter & at least ___ feet from closest point on shore or ship

6

76

Lice

Pediculus humanus capitus = Head louse

Pediculus humanus humanus = Body louse

Pediculus pubis = Crab louse

77

blood sucking with painful bite.

Stable Fly
(Suspected of transmitting anthrax & tularemia)

78

Flies transmit?

Cholera, dysentery, and typhoid fever

79

Malaria, infection agent is PLASMODIUM. What four types?

Falciparum = Most deadly
Ovale = Occurs in West Africa
Malariae
Vivax

80

Mosquitoes & Diseases

Yellow Fever – Aedes aegypti
Dengue Fever – Aedes
Filariasis – Culex

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