PACKAGING Flashcards Preview

DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT > PACKAGING > Flashcards

Flashcards in PACKAGING Deck (22):
1

Why do we need FOOD PACKAGING?

- To prevent contamination
- Keep the product in tact
- Survive long transportation
- Marketing role
- To preserve the product

2

What are the PHYSICAL reasons for packaging?

- Protection from vibration & compression during transportation
- To preserve original quality of the food

3

What are the CONTAINMENT reasons for packaging?

- To contain & hold the product while keeping it secure

4

What are the BARRIER PROTECTION reasons for packaging?

- To protect product from OXYGEN/ WATER/ AIR/ DUST
- To reduce spoilage
- To reduce wastage
- To contain a controlled atmosphere to keep products fresh & attractive

5

What are the CONVENIENCE reasons for packaging?

- Number of portions
- Design that assists with handling Eg. snap pots, easy storage, reuse of product

6

What are the MARKETING reasons for packaging?

- To encourage sales
- To reinforce brand image
- To attract target groups Eg. colourful = kids
- Quality of packaging will contribute to the consumer's perception

7

What are the SECURITY reasons for packaging?

To keep the product safe! Eg. tamper free

8

What are the different types of PLASTIC packaging?

- Bottles
- Films
- Tubs
- Trays
- Aseptic cartons
- Lamination

9

What is ASEPTIC packaging?

Paper & plastic & aluminium foil
- For oxygen & moisture sensitive foods
- Can have tamper proofing
- Can last up to a year with no refrigeration

10

What is LAMINATION?

Coating plastics with layers of other materials Eg. Card/ aluminium
- Extend shelf life
- Reduce preservatives

11

What are the ADVANTAGES of PLASTICS?

- High strength to weight ratio = strong but lightweight
- Versatile
- Squeeze bottles = convenience
- Lamination means retailers can display products for longer
- Recycled PET in packaging can be attractive to consumers
- Can be microwaved

12

What are the DISADVANTAGES of PLASTICS?

- Made from NON-RENEWABLE oil sources
- Large negative media attention
- Government pressure to steer away from plastics
- Biodegradable plastics = expensive
- Difficult to recycle

13

What are the different types of PAPER & CARDBOARD packaging?

- Sleves
- Boxes
- Labels
- Bags

14

What are the ADVANTAGES of PAPER & CARDBOARD?

- Cheap
- lightweight
- Easy to stack
- Many different thicknesses & types
- openable boards = convenience
- Easy to dispose of
- Bleached pulps are used if in direct contact with food = safe
- Can be coated in wax to rescue absorption of oil/ fat
- Recyclable

15

What are the DISADVANTAGES of PAPER & CARDBOARD?

- Not good in damp conditions
- Contamination from pests can occur if stored incorrectly
- Odours from packaging may affect food

16

What are the different types of METAL packaging?

- Cans
- trays
- Aerosoles
- Wrappings
- Screw tops
- Tincoating
- Aseptic packaging

17

What is TINCOATING?

A thin layer of steel protected by a layer of tin inside the can
- Stops corrosion
- Expensive
- Stops discolouration

18

What are the ADVANTAGES of METAL?

- Strong/ sturdy
- Easily stacked
- Long shelf life
- Shock resistant
- Recyclable
FOILS = Less washing up/ less handling of food/ good barrier to light, oxygen, bacteria & moisture
- 75% of canned drinks = aluminium
- Pull rings = convenient
- Widget technology = better quality product

19

What are the DISADVANTAGES of METAL?

- Cant be resealed
- Once opened shelf life = limited
- Cant see the product inside

20

What are the different types of GLASS packaging?

- Bottles
- Jars
- Dishes/ ramekins

21

What are the ADVANTAGES of GLASS?

- Easily moulded
- Easy to recycle
- Does not affect taste/ colour of food
- Can see the product inside
- Unable to become contaminated
- Easy to sterilise
- Can be reused
- Coloured glass = light sensitive products
- Hard

22

What are the DISADVANTAGES of GLASS?

- Brittle ( can smash & crack under pressure )
- Heavy to transport
- Coloured glass = harder to recycle