Packet #1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Packet #1 Deck (34):
1

What are the levels of structural organization?

Chemicals > Cellular > Tissue > Organ > Organ System > Organism

2

Which term does not belong:
ATOM · CELL · TISSUE · ALIVE · ORGAN

Alive

3

Which term does not belong:
BRAIN · STOMACH · HEART · LIVER · EPITHELIUM

Epithelium

4

Which term does not belong:
EPITHELIUM · HEART · MUSCLE TISSUE · NERVOUS TISSUE · CONNECTIVE TISSUE

Heart

5

Which term does not belong:
HUMAN · DIGESTIVE SYSTEM · HORSE · PINE TREE · AMOEBA

Digestive System

6

What rids the body of nitrogen-containing waste?

Urinary System

7

What system is affected by the removal of the thyroid gland?

Endocrine System

8

What system provides support and levers on which the muscular system can act?

Skeletal System

9

What system includes the heart?

Cardiovascular System

10

What system protects underlying organs from drying out and mechanical damage?

Endocrine System

11

What system protects the body; destroys bacteria and tumor cells?

Lymphatic/Immune System

12

What system breaks down foodstuffs into small particles that can be absorbed?

Digestive System

13

What system removes carbon dioxide from the blood?

Respiratory System

14

What system delivers oxygen and nutrients to the body tissues?

Cardiovascular System

15

What system moves the limbs; allows facial expressions?

Muscular System

16

What system conserves body water or eliminates excesses?

Urinary System

17

What system provides conception for childbearing?

Reproductive System

18

What system controls the body with chemicals called hormones?

Cardiovascular System

19

What system is damaged when you cut your finger or get severe sunburn?

Integumentary System

20

Name the System:
Blood vessels, Heart

Cardiovascular System

21

Name the System:
Pancreas, Pituitary, Adrenal Glands

Endocrine System

22

Name the System:
Kidneys, Bladder, Uterus

Urinary System

23

Name the System:
Testus, Vas Deferens, Urethra

Reproductive System

24

Name the System:
Esophagus, Large Intestine, Rectum

Digestive System

25

Name the System:
Breastbone, Vertebral Column, Skull

Skeletal System

26

Name the System:
Brain. Nerves, Sensory Receptors

Nervous System

27

Function Characteristics: Digestion

Food you've eaten is broken down to its chemicals building blocks.

28

Function Characteristics: Excretion

Elimination of carbon dioxide by the lungs and elimination of nitrogenous wastes by the kidneys

29

Function Characteristics: Growth

Occurs when constructive activities occur at a faster rate than destructive activities.

30

Function Characteristics: Maintenance of Boundaries

keeps the body's internal environment distinct from the external environment. At the cellular level, membranes; for the whole organism, the skin

31

Function Characteristics: Metabolism

All chemical reactions occurring in the body

32

Function Characteristics: Movement

Walking, throwing a ball, riding a bicycle

33

Function Characteristics: Responsiveness

Ability to react to stimuli; a major role of the nervous system

34

Function Characteristics: Reproduction

Provides new cells for growth and repair