Pages: 67-78 (Principles of Chiropractic) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pages: 67-78 (Principles of Chiropractic) Deck (67)
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1

Who is associated with the activator technique?
a. D.D. Palmer
b. Fuhr
c. Korr
d. Hadley

b. Fuhr

2

Which type of sensory receptors are like golgi tendon organs and found in ligaments of joints in the appendicular skeleton?
a. Type I mechanoreceptors
b. Type II mechanoreceptors
c. Type III mechanoreceptors
d. Type IV mechanoreceptors

c. Type III mechanoreceptors

3

Ruffini endings that transmit heavy touch sensation and pressure receptors are known as?
a. thermoreceptors
b. (cutaneous) type II mechanoreceptors
c. baroreceptors
d. chemoreceptors

b. (cutaneous) type II mechanoreceptors

4

Which is not a function of the chemoreceptors?
a. detection of chemicals in mouth
b. detection of chemicals in the nose
c. monitors chemicals of the blood
d. maintains normal blood pressure

d. maintains normal blood pressure

- Baroreceptors maintain normal blood pressure

5

Which of the following is not a pathomechanical state?
a. disc degeneration
b. arthrosis
c. stereognosis
d. spondylolisthesis

c. stereognosis

6

Which is not involved with the medial lemniscus system?
a. touch
b. vibration
c. proprioception
d. temperature

d. temperature

7

Conscious control of skeletal muscles is not by which of the following?
a. lateral corticospinal tract
b. anterior corticospinal tract
c. spinothalamic tract
d. corticobulbar tract

c. spinothalamic tract

8

Which of the following is not true of pyramidal tracts?
a. involuntary
b. motor
c. descending
d. voluntary

a. involuntary

9

All of the following are pyramidal tracts except:
a. anteriolateral
b. lateral corticospinal
c. corticobulbar
d. anterior corticospinal

a. anteriolateral

10

According to the Gate control theory of pain, which of the following enhances the feeling of pain?
a. chemoreceptors
b. nociceptor
c. type I mechanoreceptors
d. type II mechanoreceptors

b. nociceptor

11

Brainstem ischemia can be caused a cervical rotary break if someone has _____?
a. SLE
b. DJD
c. osteopoikilosis
d. Parkinson's disease

b. DJD

12

Who showed how axoplasmic transport could be lessened with a certain amount of pressure on a nerve?
a. B.J. Palmer
b. Sjostrand
c. Harrison
d. Hippocrates

b. Sjostrand

13

Brainstem ischemia can be caused by?
a. osteophytes
b. SLE
c. Reiter's syndrome
d. Shingles

a. osteophytes

14

Which of the following is a contraindication to cryotherapy?
a. fever
b. burns
c. acute injury
d. hypertension

d. hypertension

15

The thalamus is not responsible for which of the following?
a. sight
b. hearing
c. smell
d. taste

c. smell

16

Which ligament limits cervical rotation and has attachments at the occipital condyles and at the dens?
a. anterior longitudinal ligament
b. alar ligament
c. posterior longitudinal ligament
d. ligamentum nuchae

b. alar ligament

17

Which of the following is false regarding the posterior longitudinal ligament?
a. It is wider at the superior portion.
b. It aids in the prevention of disc herniation or protrusion.
c. It is thickest in the thoracic spine.
d. It resists hyperextension of vertebral column.

d. It resists hyperextension of vertebral column.

18

The force found between the resistance and fulcrum in which most common kind of lever(s)?
a. 1st class lever
b. 2nd class lever
c. 3rd class lever
d. 1st class and 2nd class levers

c. 3rd class lever

19

Conscious proprioception is primarily related to the _____?
a. mechanoreceptor
b. nociceptor
c. chemoreceptor
d. photoreceptor

a. mechanoreceptor

20

The detection of pain is made possible by the _____?
a. proprioceptor
b. nociceptor
c. chemoreceptor
d. photoreceptor

b. nociceptor

21

Movements of the body in extension and flexion occur in which body plane?
a. coronal plane
b. transverse plane
c. sagittal plane
d. frontal plane

c. sagittal plane

22

Movements of the body in lateral or medial rotation occur in which of the following body planes?
a. coronal plane
b. transverse plane
c. sagittal plane
d. frontal plane

b. transverse plane

23

Who discovered the gate theory of pain?
a. Gonstead
b. D.D. Palmer
c. Melzack/Wall
d. Logan/Korr

c. Melzack/Wall

24

Which type of transitional movement occurs on the x axis of the Cartesian system?
a. medial to lateral
b. anterior to posterior
c. inferior to superior
d. superior to inferior

a. medial to lateral

25

Movements of the body in adduction and abduction occur in which body plane?
a. transverse plane
b. sagittal plane
c. midsagittal plane
d. coronal plane

d. coronal plane

26

Which of the following will not decrease blood flow in vertebral arteries?
a. osteophytes
b. spondylosis
c. subluxation
d. exercise

d. exercise

27

There is no disc between?
a. L5-S1
b. C7-T1
c. C1-C2
d. C4-C5

c. C1-C2

28

The intervertebral disc to vertebral body ratio is largest in the _____?
a. cervical spine
b. thoracic spine
c. lumbar spine
d. upper sacrum

a. cervical spine

29

Which most closely describes deformities of a disc due to a load stress over time?
a. slide
b. creep
c. spin
d. roll

b. creep

30

The founder of S.O.T. is?
a. Cox
b. Gillet
c. DeJarnette
d. Korr

c. DeJarnette