Flashcards in Paper 1 - The Role Of Education Deck (31):
What 3 functions does Durkheim say education provides?
Social solidarity, Social mobility and specialist skills
What is social solidarity?
Social solidarity is where there is a collective conscience, where people are brought together.
What are specialist skills?
They are skills for the workforce after education.
What is social mobility?
This is where people can move up in society and up the hierarchy.
What two functions does education serve according to Parsons?
Secondary socialisation and Meritocracy.
What is secondary socialisation
This is where school bridges the gap between home and wider society. Also it teaches the norms and values of society.
What is meritocracy?
This is a system where each pupil has an equal chance of succeeding and its based on effort and ability.
What is educations function according to Davis and Moore?
Role allocation, this is where people are people are set up for an economic status that reflects their talents.
Evaluate Functionalisms view of the education system.
+ Identifies education as the central part of social structure
+Acknowledges it is a key role in secondary socialisation
- Marxists would say there is little inequality as the education system benefits middle class more
- Marxists would argue we are ideologically conditioned into values of middle class,
What is the New Right's main reason why the education system isn't working well yet?
There needs to be more marketisation and open education up to competition.
What were Chubb and Moe's 3 main claims about the education system.
Disadvantaged groups are treated worse and there is an inequality.
Education fails to produce pupils with skills for the economy.
Private schools give higher quality education due to there being paying customers.
What do the New Right believe the state should do in education?
1. Impose a framework on schools for them to complete. This allows reports by OFSTED for parents to see which schools is best.
2. Impose a national curriculum to socialise into a single culture heritage.
Evaluate the New Right
+ There policies have influenced todays education system.
+Has given pupils more choice to which school to go to and make sure its the best one.
- Gerwitz and Ball argue marketization favours middle class students far more.
-Critics argue its because of lack of funding rather than state control that is the reason why education is not doing well.
What are the functions of education according to Bowles and Gintis?
The hidden curriculum and the correspondence principle.
What is the hidden curriculum?
Something the teachers don't directly teach but is used to socialise pupils into the values of the middle class.
What is the correspondence principle?
Where the principles of the education system mirrors the values of the workplace.
What is the myth of meritocracy?
Bowles and Gintis argue that meritocracy is based on ability, effort and class.
Louis Althusser describes education as an ideological state apparatus. What is this?
This is where the education system brainwashes us to follow the values of capitalism.
What does Gramsci say education promotes?
A dominant hegemony
Why does Bourdieu say education is favoured towards the middle class?
There is a middle class habitus in education.
Education rewards those with more cultural capital.
What does Rikowski argue?
That education has become commodified and has been turned into a product to be bought and sold.
Name 3 ways how education has become commodified.
Stationary sold by school.
Text books are paid for.
Schools bought by businesses.
Guest speakers paid for.
Name a study that helps illustrate Marxism's view of education.
Paul Willis' the lads study.
Name 2 strengths of Marxist's view of education.
Identifies similarities between the education system and the workplace.
Offers profound argument of the myth of meritocracy.
Name two weaknesses of the Marxist view of education.
Hickox say Bowles and Gintis make assumptions about the hidden curriculum.
Fails to understand the amount of policies to help the working class (EMA, EAZ)
What view do interactionalists take? And what methods would they use in research?
A micro view (Small scale).
Observations, interviews, case studies.
What do interactionalists believe cause poor results in education?
Labelling and self-fulfilling prophecy.
Summarise Beckers study.
Teachers had an 'ideal pupil'. He used aggressive interviews on 60 teachers and found their ideal pupil was from middle class background.
Summarise Rosanthal and Jacobson's study.
They conducted a field experiment selecting 20
% of pupils. They said that group would have rapid academic success. They found teachers focused on this group more than other pupils.
Summarise Lacey's study.
They found those in lower sets had lower self-esteems. Those labelled as failure would be more likely to form an anti-school subculture.