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Flashcards in Parasites Deck (153)
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1

What are the 3 types of protozoa

Sporozoa, Rhizopods, and Flagellates

2

_______ replicate through spore forming phase

Sporozoa replicate through spore forming phase

3

Sporozoa replicate through __________

Sporozoa replicate through spore forming phase

4

________ broadly cast as amoebas or amoebic-like

Rhizopods broadly cast as amoebas or amoebic-like

5

Rhizopods broadly cast as ____________

Rhizopods broadly cast as amoebas or amoebic-like

6

_______ have whip like tails

Flagellates have whip like tails

7

Flagellates have ___________

Flagellates have whip like tails

8

What are the Sporozoa?

Cryptosporidium hominis Cyclospora cayetansnsis Toxoplasma gondii Babesia microti Plasmodium

9

What are the rhizopods?

Naegleria fowleri Acanthamoeba castellanii Entamoeba histolytica

10

What are the flagellates?

Trichomonas vaginalis Giardia lamblia Leishmania Trypanosoma cruzi

11

What is the treatment for Cryptosporidium hominis?

Self limiting disease, can give Nitrazoxanide

12

What is the treatment for Cyclospora cayetanensis?

Self limiting, can give TMP-SMX

13

What is the treatment for toxoplasma gondii?

Pyrimethamine, sulfonamides

14

How does Babesia microti work?

It infects and reproduces in the RBCs

15

What the species of Plasmodium? Which is the most dangerous.

Malariae, Ovale, Vivox, Falciparum. Falciparum

16

What is the treatment for plasmodium?

Chloroquine, Mefloquine, Primaquine

17

How is Cryptosporidium hominis transmitted?

oocyst in fecal contaminated food/water

18

How is Cyclospora cayetanensis transmitted?

oocyst in fecal contaminated food/water

19

How is toxoplasma gondii transmitted?

Bradyzoites (cysts) in fecal/raw contaminated food/water

20

How is babesia microti transmitted?

Sporozoites from tick bites

21

How is plasmodium transmitted?

sporozoites from mosquito bites

22

How is Naegleria fowleri transmitted?

trophozoites (not cysts) in contaminated fresh water

23

How is Naegleria fowleri treated?

Amphotericin B

24

How is entamoeba histolytica transmitted?

Cysts from fecal contaminated food/water

25

How is entamoeba histolytica treated?

Metronidazole, Iodoquinol

26

How is Acanthamoeba castellani transmitted?

cysts/trophozoites in contaminated soil/water

27

How does Acanthamoeba castellani entry the body?

Inhalation Broken skin Contact lens

28

How is Acanthamoeba castellani treated?

Amphotericin B

29

What is unique about Acanthamoeba castellani?

It can cause serious symptoms in the EYE.

30

How is trichomonas vaginalis transmitted?

Trophozoites from sexual intercourse