Flashcards in Parliamentary law making Deck (29):
What is the legislative process?
The process in which law is made and passed in parliament
Explain the steps of the legislative process
Green paper: original bill proposition
White paper: bill put into formal paper
First reading: name of bill read in parliament
Second reading: main debate where mps debate the principle
Committee stage: bill reviewed by standing committee
Report stage: back to house if no amendment are needed
Third reading: final law read out after all amendments
Royal assent: law passed by monarchy
What are the influences on parliament?
Give a case where media groups put pressure on parliament to change a piece of legislation?
Stephen Lawrence murder case
Couldn't be tried twice for same case but campaign changed that
What is double jeopardy?
Being tried for the same case twice which used to be illegal.
What are pressure groups?
Groups of people who share similar ideas and campaign for changes in the law
What is the media's influence on law making?
The media can put pressure on MP's to form campaigns against existing and proposed laws
What is the law commissions influence on law making?
They aim to review the law and recommend to parliament what laws need to be updated or removed.
What are some Advantages of pressure groups?
1) are able to create public awareness on matters affecting a cause.
2) can have huge membership which can be extremely influential
3) reminds parliament of the importance of some issues
What are some disadvantages of pressure groups?
1) some members are so passionate they engage in criminal behaviour to promote their cause.
2) they are bias in favour of their cause and may not present fair arguments.
3) opinions may only be of a small minority
How many members of the House of Commons?
One prime minister
22 in cabinet
How many members of House of Lords are there?
What is the green paper in the legislative process?
Draft and original bill proposition
What is the white paper in the legislative process?
Formal page which goes to the House of Commons
What happens in the first reading In the legislative process?
First formal legislative process, the name of the bill is read in parliament
What happens in the committee stage of the legislative process?
A detailed examination of each clause of the bill by the cabinet
What happens in the second reading of the legislative process?
Main debate on the whole bill, MP's who wish to speak must catch the speakers eye. A vote is taken to whether the bill should be passed
What happens in the third reading in the legislative process?
Final vote on the bill after all the amendments have been made.
What is the report stage in the legislative process?
Committee report back to the house on what amendments have to be made.
What is royal assent?
Monarch must approve of the bill then it becomes an act of parliament
What's some advantages of parliamentary law making?
It is democratic
Very thorough process
Parliament are supreme
What are some disadvantages of parliamentary law making?
Back benchers are ignored
What is a back bencher?
(in the UK) a Member of Parliament who does not hold office in the government or opposition and who sits behind the front benches in the House of Commons.
What is the cabinet?
the committee of senior ministers responsible for controlling government policy.
How many members of the cabinet are there?
The prime minister and 21 other cabinet ministers.
What is a private bill?
a legislative bill affecting the interests only of a particular body or individual.
What is a hybrid bill?
(in the UK) a legislative bill that combines the characteristics of a private and public bill.
What is a public bill?
a proposed law that affects the public as a whole