Part 1: How are biomes distributed? Flashcards Preview

Hertswood Academy Geography GCSE People and the biosphere (year 11 revision version) > Part 1: How are biomes distributed? > Flashcards

Flashcards in Part 1: How are biomes distributed? Deck (46):
1

1. What is the biosphere?

a) The layer of the earth which contains all living forms of life.

2

2. What is an ecosystem?

a) The connections between living things (plants, animals and organisms) and non-livings things (water, weather and climate) in a particular place.

3

3. What is a biome?

a) A global scale ecosystem.

4

4. What is climate?

a) The normal weather in a place

5

5. What is geology?

a) The type of rocks in a place

6

6. What is vegetation?

a) Plant life

7

7. What do biomes have in common with similar places

a) Climatic
b) Geology
c) Vegetation
d) Animals

8

8. What are the main global biomes?

a) Tundra
b) Temperate Forest
c) Taiga Forest
d) Savannah
e) Desert
f) Tropical Rainforest

9

9. Give an example of tundra

a) Arctic Circle

10

10. Give an example of Temperate Forest

a) Epping Forest, UK

11

11. Give an example of Taiga Forest

a) Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, USA

12

12. Give an example of Savanna

a) Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania

13

13. Give an example of Desert

a) Sahara Desert, Northern Africa

14

14. Give an example of Tropical Rainforest

a) Amazon, Brazil

15

15. What is biodiversity?

a) The variety of living species in an ecosystem or area.

16

16. What is a biotic factor?

a) The living parts of the ecosystem: Flora (plants), Fauna (animals) and organisms.

17

17. What is an abiotic factor?

a) The non-living parts of the ecosystem (water, soil and climate).

18

18. What is precipitation?

a) Moisture from the sky e.g. rain

19

19. What is photosynthesis

a) When plants make oxygen from CO2

20

20. What is temperature?

a) How hot or cold it is

21

21. What is latitude?

a) Distance from the equator

22

22. What are seasons?

a) Changes in temperature and weather during the year

23

23. What is a growing season?

a) The amount of time in a year that plants can grow

24

24. What is a permeable rock?

a) Water can flow through

25

25. What is an impermeable rock?

a) Water cannot flow through

26

26. What does waterlogged mean?

a) When soil is full of water

27

27. What is altitude?

a) The height of land above sea level

28

28. What is diurnal range?

a) The temperature difference between daytime and night time

29

29. What is the equator?

a) A line around the centre of the world

30

30. What is the tropic of cancer?

a) A line around the world north of the equator

31

31. What is the tropic of Capricorn?

a) A line around the world south of the equator

32

32. What is an atmospheric cell?

a) The way in which air circulates in the atmosphere

33

33. Name the three types of atmospheric cell

a) Hadley cell
b) Polar cell
c) Ferrel cell

34

34. What happens when there is low pressure in an atmospheric cell

a) High levels of precipitation

35

35. What happens when there is high pressure in an atmospheric cell

a) Low levels of precipitation

36

36. What is the global distribution of tropical rainforests?

a) On the Equator
b) Between the tropics

37

37. Why is the rainforest there?

a) high precipitation 200-3000 mm per year
b) low air pressure
c) high temperatures all year round 25 °C-30 °C

38

38. What is the global distribution of deserts?

a) On the tropics

39

39. Why are the deserts there?

a) Low precipitation Less than 250 mm a year
b) high pressure
c) Large diurnal temperature range

40

40. What is the global distribution of temperate / boreal forest?

a) 50 °N - 60 °N of the equator

41

41. Just south of the Arctic Circle

a) Why is temperate forest there?

42

42. Low precipitation less than 500mm per year

a) Mild summers (10 °C-20 °C)
b) Cold winters (below 0 °C)

43

43. What is the global distribution of savanna?

a) Between the tropics

44

44. Why is savanna there?

a) Hot all year 25 °C and 35 °C.
b) 500 mm - 1000 mm of rainfall per year
c) Wet and dry seasons

45

45. What is the global distribution of tundra?

a) Within the Arctic Circle

46

46. Why is the tundra within the Arctic Circle?

a) Low temperatures all year round
b) Low precipitation (less than 250mm)
c) Short daylight hours in the winter