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Flashcards in Particles Deck (41):
1

What is 에서's main two roles?

It expresses the the location an action takes place and the meaning "from" a place.

1

What is the difference between 에 / 에서?

에 expresses a location where something “is” or “exists” or a direction that you are going toward. 에서 expresses a location where some action is taking place.

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부터

from (time, starting point)

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(From somewhere else) to Seoul

서울까지 

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Until now

지금까지

2

(The other things are not apples, but) THIS is an apple

이거는 사과예요

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What are the subject marking particles?

이/가

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What is the nuance of 은 / 는?

은 [eun] / 는 [neun] has the nuance of “about” something, “as for” something, or even “unlike other things” or “different from other things.”

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내일까지

Until tomorrow 

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이거는 사과예요

(The other things are not apples, but) THIS is an apple

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What are the topic marking particles?

은 / 는

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What is the nuance of 이/ 가?

이 [i] / 가 [ga] has the nuance of “none other than” “nothing but” and also, when used inside a complex sentence, the role of marking the subject without emphasizing it too much

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뭐가 좋아요?

WHAT is good?

10

까지

 “to” or “until” 

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지금 어디에 있어요?

Where are you now?

13

Where are you now?

지금 어디에 있어요?

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에서

at, in, from (location)

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What is the purpose of topic marking particles?

To let other people know what you are going to talk about.

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What are the location marking particles?

에 / 에서

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WHAT is good?

뭐가 좋아요?

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학교에 갔어요

I went to school

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From now

지금부터 

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at, in, from (location)

에서

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지금까지

Until now

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Where are you?

어디에 있어요?

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서울에서

From Seoul 

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I went to school

학교에 갔어요

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지금부터 

From now

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“at”, “to”

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한국에 왔어요

han-gug-e wa-sseo-yo

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“starting from Seoul” 

서울부터

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서울부터

“starting from Seoul” 

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 “to” or “until” 

까지

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from (time, starting point)

부터

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어디에 있어요?

Where are you?

35

“at”, “to”

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From (or Since) yesterday

어제부터

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서울까지 

(From somewhere else) to Seoul

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From Seoul 

서울에서

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어제부터

From (or Since) yesterday

41

han-gug-e wa-sseo-yo

한국에 왔어요