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Flashcards in Pediatric Deck (17)
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1

This pediatric disease process is represented by a "thumbprint" sign on X-ray. 

EPIGLOTTITIS

2

EPIGLOTTITIS

3

FORMULA USED FOR CALCULATING FLUID MAINTENANCE ON PEDIATRIC PATIENTS.

4-2-1 RULE

4 mL X kg for the 1st 10 kg

2 mL X kg for 10-20 kg

1 mL X kg for each kg over 20 kg

4

THE MOST NARROW PORTION OF A PATIENT <10 YEARS OLD?

THE CRICOID RING

5

INFANTS BREATHE THROUGH WHAT?

NOSE

INFANTS ARE OBLIGATE NOSE BREATHERS 

6

PEDIATRIC PATIENTS OLDER THAN INFANT BREATH HOW?

MOUTH BREATHERS 

PEDI PATIENTS ARE OBLIGATE MOUTH BREATHERS 

7

HYPOXIA CAUSES WHAT IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS?

BRADYCARDIA/ CARDIAC ARREST

8

BULGING FONTANELLE, INCREASED ICP, RETINAL HEMORRHAGE

 

SHAKEN BABY SYNDROME

9

WHAT PERCENTAGE OF BLOOD LOSS WILL PEDIATRIC PATIENTS START TO SHOW HYPOTENSION?

25%

RANGE 25-30% BLOOD LOSS PRIOR TO SHOWING SIGNS OF HYPOTENSION

10

THE CHILD IS STRUCK BY A VEHICLE

THE CHILD STRIKES THE VEHICLE

THE CHILD STRIKES THE GROUND

WADDEL'S TRIAD

11

THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF BRONCHIOLITIS IS?

RSV

RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS

12

CHARATERIZED BY SWELLING OF BRONCHIOLE WALLS

>90% VIRAL

COUGH, SHORTNESS OF BREATH, NASAL FLARING, WHEEZING/CRACKLES

HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS

OFTEN CAUSED BY RSV 

BRONCHIOLITIS

13

SWELLING AROUND THE VOCAL CORDS 

NON LIFE THREATNING

GRADUAL ONSET, NO DROOLING

"SEAL LIKE" BRAKING COUGH

STEEPLE SIGN ON X-RAY 

TREATED WITH RACEMIC EPINEPHRINE AND 

DECADRON (STEROIDS)

CROUP

14

THIS X-RAY IS A SIGN OF WHAT IN PEDIATRICS?

CROUP

15

THE AVERAGE CIRCULATING BLOOD VOLUME IN A CHILD IS? 

80-90 mL/kg

 

16

WHAT IS THE NEONATES/INFANTS FLUID RESUSCITATION VOLUME NEEDED?  

10 cc/kg <1 yr

17

WHAT IS THE NEEDED FLUID RESUSCITATION VOLUME NEEDED FOR A CHILD OVER 1 YR?

20 cc/kg > 1 yr