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Flashcards in Pediatric -Derm Deck (11):
1

measles

rare at any age, takes 8-12 days for sx, 14 days for rash. Prodrome: fever ( 101+), cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, Koplik spots ( white spot).
Day 14: bright red macular papular rash, contagious before rash. Kids look sick.

2

mumps ( parotitis)

incubation 12-25 days
late winter and spring
pain and welling in front of and below ear
complication: testicuar pain 1 week later.
tx; supportive care with recovery 1-2 weeks

3

rubella

germane meals

congenital rubella TRIAD: deafness, cataracts, cardiac defects--> deadly
" blueberry muffin" baby-pupural on rash
Acquired: erythematous rash progressing from head to toes --> self limiting

4

chicken pox

varicella- zoster virus
age 5-9 yrs

incubation: 10-21 days

vesicular, erythematous rash on torso, then face
" dew drops on a rose petal--> vesicular stage

scabs---> not contagious
Tx: supportive

5

roseola

human herpes virus
3- mon- 4 yens
high five X 3-5 days---> rash

6

erythema infectious
" fifth disease" or " slapped cheek syndrome

parvovirus-joint pain
school age kids
incubation 4-14 ays
red facial rash ( sunburn) and lacy, pink macular rash on torso and ext
Preggers: hydrous fetalis
tx; supportive

7

Hand foot syndrome

cosackie virus
unders 5 years
low grade fever, ulcers in mouth and vesicular in hands and feet
d/dx: herpangina ( no hand/foot involvement
gingival stomatitis- on lips/ tongue

8

kawasaki syndrome
" mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome"

vasculitis
fever > 5 years and 4 of these: conjunctivitis, rash, mucosal change, edema of hands/ feet, cervical adenopahty> 1.5 cm
complications: aneurysm, coronary- tx begins in 1st days
tx: iVIG, ASA

9

Updated to vaccine schedule

rotavirus- 2 months
hep a- 1 year
varicella- booster 4, 6
teens: pertussis, meningococcal, and HPV vaccine

10

Q: which component of DTP causes fever

pertussis component
now use acellular pertusis

11

Q: which component of DTP causes crying ?

pertussis