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Flashcards in Pediatric development and examination Deck (20):
1

When does a fully mature gait occur?

6-7 yo

2

At what age should a child be able to complete reciprocal stair climbing with ascent?

2 yo

3

When should a child be able to swing self on a swing independently?

5

4

At what age are the elbows finally in line with the shoulders and the head is lifted 90deg?

3mo

5

When are infants considered premature?

If born <37wks gestation

6

If a 6 mo child was born 8 weeks early, what's the corrected age?

16 wks
(24wks - 8)

7

An APGAR score of 5 is considered what?

not good - 7 or above is considered good
- also depends on time taken: scored at 1, 5, and 10 min after birth

8

What are the categories that are scored in APGAR?

respiration
heart rate
reflex irritability
muscle tone
color

9

What is the neonatal neck righting reflex?

if you turn an infant's head in the supine position, it will log roll toward the same side

10

What is are very important oral reflexs noted in children 0-3 months?

rooting: stroking of perioral region results in head turning to that side with mouth opening

sucking: automatic sucking with touch to lips, tongue, and palate

11

What is the tonic labrynthine reflex?

position baby in prone = flexor tone
position baby in supine = extensor tone

12

What is the ATNR?

rotation of head to the side results in ipsilateral extension of face-side extremities and flexion of skull-side extremities

13

How long with there be head lag in a pull to sit assessment?

until about 4-5 mo

14

In what order do protective reactions develop? (forward vs backward, etc)

downward: 4-5mo
sideward sitting: 6mo
forward sitting: 7mo
backward sitting: 9 mo

15

What is the symmetrical tonic neck reflex?

arms follow head movement
- head flexion = arms flex, legs extend
- head extension = arms extend, legs flex

16

What are the age ranges for the peabody?

0-42 months (3.5 yrs)

17

T/F: the GMFM is only valid for use in the CP population.

false, also able to use the 88 with downs
- focuses on voluntary movement
- able to measure gross motor function over time

18

What test measures the gross and fine motor abilities of kids from 4yo to 21?

BOT-2
- remember wyatt

19

What's the PEDI?

pediatric evaluation of disability inventory
- interview/questionnaire scale of ADLs

20

T/F: Infants have decreased extension ROM d/t posture in utero.

true