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Flashcards in Peds Deck (28)
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1

Gastroschesis

-Defect not at midline, usually right

2

Omphalocele

-Associated with Tri 13, 18, beckwith wiederman
-Midline, covered

3

Umbilical Hernia

-Midline, no bowel. Treat at 3-5 years
Associated with hypothyroid (Large tongue)

4

Pyloric Stenosis

-Nonbillious
-Hypochloremic alkolosis

5

Intestinal Atresia

-ASsociated with Tri 21
-Billious

6

Malrotationa nd Volvulus

-Pain, X Ray
Ladds Bands (malroatation around SMA generally)

7

Meconium Ileus

-CF
-Treatment is Gastrograffin Enema

8

Bloody Diahrrea

-Necrotizing enterocolitis
-Pneumocystis intestinalis

9

Intususeociion

Currant Jelly
Intermitent Pain

10

Cryptorchid

-Not descended by 1 year do surgery
-US to diagnose, usually in inguinal canal

11

Hypospadias

-Don't circumcize, use foreskin in repair
-Renal issues

12

CAH

-Ambiguous genetalia

13

DMI

Cardiac, Caudal Regression

14

DM2

-Hypoglycemia - siezures
-Hypocalcemia - sieures
-Polycythemia - Thrombosis
-Hyprebilirubimenima - Kernicturus
-RDS - insulni interferes with cortisol maturation

15

Sepsis

-E coli, GBS, Listeria
-Treat emperically with amp and gent
Treat with amp and cefoxotime if think meningtitis

16

Torch

Syphilis - hearing loss, saber shins,
CMV - microcephaly, petichiea
Rubells - catarats, deafness
-Toxo - intracranial calcifications
-Caricella - scarring, limb hypoplasia

17

Contraindications to breast feeding

Ilicit drug abuse, TB 2 weeks treated, active herpes, HIV, varicella, chemo

18

Orbital cellulitis

Most commonly from bacterial sinusitis: strep pneumo, staph aureus, h flu
Treatment is for bug, vanc plus
Get CT to evaluate

19

Polycythemia

Can cause RDS, renal vein thrombosis, plethora, etc
Complication of IUGR or DM

20

Bacterial Sinusitis

Most common is strep pneumo, then Hib, then moraxella

21

Hand foot and mounth

Has gray exudates on tonsils, Be careful of herpes, measles, rubella

22

Breast feeding jaundice

Occurs when there is inadequate breast feeding, in contrast to breast milk which is adecuate and from enzymes in milk
-Dehydration is less wet than days old, redish stools (urate)

23

ABO incompadibility

Most commonly in mothers that are O
Can also occur if mother is A, B and child is exact opposite, but usually O

24

Niemann Pick

Spingomylinase
Red spot with abdominal complaints
Tay sachs is b hexoaminadse and has no abdominal

25

Rubella

Less severe than measles, low fever, redish pharyngitis, posterior auricular
Measles has high fever, maliase, and koplik spots
Dx with PCR and serology

26

VSD

Large can cause eisenmingers. Think about in patient that has FTT and is older with presentatoins of heart lesoin.
Cyanotic occur early
Can hear diastolic rumble at apex

27

Post flu pneumon

Likely staph aureus, and even in CFers, S Aureus is more commin in the begining, later is pseundomdons

28

CAP

Strep pneumo until proven ptherwise. Giv amoxiclin