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Flashcards in Peds GI Deck (15):
1

Infant Reflux?

U benign
Resolves by 18 mo

2

Infant GER evaluation?

Bilious = obstruction (stenosis, intuss, volvulus)

3

Kid GERD risk factors?

Asthma
Cystic Fibrosis
Handicap

4

GERD Red Flags?

Bleed
Onset of vomiting > 6 mo
Failure to thrive
Diarrhea
Fever
Hepatosplenomegaly
Abd tenderness or distension
Neurologic changes

5

Phenylketonuria is?

Metabolic dysfxn from dec phenylalanine hydroxylase = Can't convert phenylalanine to tyrosine

6

Phenylketonuria sxs?

Vomiting
If untreated:
Retardation
Dec growth
Dec pigment
Mouse odor

7

Phenylketonuria tx?

Avoid aspartame and phenylalanine

8

Colic Rule of 3's?

Healthy infant aged 2–3 months
Cries in pain 3+ hrs/day, 3+ x wk, > 3 weeks
U in afternoon
U resolves by 5 mo

9

Meckel diverticulum is?

omphalomesenteric duct remnant in mid to distal ileum -->>
secretes acid -->> ulcerates

10

Meckel diverticulum sxs?

Inc risk of?

Tx?

PAINLESS bleeding
Diverticulitis mimics appy

Volvulus, Intuss, Perf

Resection

11

Hirschsprung dz is?

Aganglionic GI track
U rectosigmoid

12

Hirschsprung dz sxs?

Fail to pass meconium
Vomiting, Distention
Severe constipation, Ribbon stool

13

Hirschsprung dz dx?

Tx?

Biopsy

Resection

14

Diarrhea most C causes?

Rota
Adeno
Noro

15

Hirschsprung Rule of 2s?

2 feet from ileocecal valve
2 inches long
2% of population
Seen by age 2