Performance enhancers Flashcards Preview

Sport and Exercise Science > Performance enhancers > Flashcards

Flashcards in Performance enhancers Deck (42):
1

Ergogenic aids

illegal or legal practices, substances or methods that improve performance

2

WADA

World Anti Doping Agency

3

Why do athletes take performance enhancing drugs?

pressure to perform from themselves, coaches and public
influence of role models
to improve performance in comps and training

4

what does epo do

Used to stimulate bone marrow and produce more red blood cells

5

Medical uses of epo

medical uses include cancer and hiv

6

epo effect on performance

causes a faster rate of aerobic respiration

7

event for epo

used for endurance events

8

side effects of epo

side effects include fever, seizures and anxiety

9

what does blood doping do

boosting the number of red blood cells in the blood stream

10

Autologous

is when the blood is extracted and frozen to then be thawed and injected at a later date

11

homoglogous

is the injection of someones elses fresh blood

12

medical use of blood doping

blood tranfusions

13

performance effect for blood doping

increases red blood cells and haemoglobin. anaerobic system more efficient and decreases lactic acid and fatigue

14

athletes that would benefit from blood doping

endurance athletes

15

side effects from blood doping

heart attack
stroke
allergic reactions

16

what is hgh and what does it do

Human Growth Hormone is a grwoth hormone that increases growth in muscles and other tissues

17

medical uses of hgh

dwarfism
turners syndrome
hiv

18

effect of hgh on performance

increased muscle mass which helps powerful, strength demanding sports
can let them train harder and recover quickly

19

types of sports that use hgh

powerful, strength demanding sports. weightlifting bodybuilding etc

20

side effects of hgh

gigantism
cardiac failure
high cholesterol

21

what do anabolic steroids do

synthetic variations of male sex hormone testosterone

22

how do you take anabolic steroids?

ingest or inject

23

Medical uses of anabolic steroids

anaemia

24

effect of anabolic steroids on performance

increases muscle mass and strength

25

side effects of anabolic steroids

paranoia
kidney failure
liver damage

26

what do beta blockers do

stop adrenaline binding to beta receptors on nerves. reduce heart rate, reduce blood pressure by dilating blood vessels

27

medical uses for beta blockers

asthma

28

effects of beta blockers on performance

steadiness in sports such as shooting

29

side effects of beta blockers

heart failure

30

what is gene therapy

a healthy gene is transplanted into cells to replace mutated or absent gene

31

medical uses for gene therapy

muscular dystrophy
genetic mutation
type 1 diabetes

32

effects of gene therapy on performance

repairs muscles, tendons and ligaments

33

side effects of gene therapy

not discovered yet

34

what is caffeine

is a naturally occurring substance which is a stimulant and mild diuretic

35

effect of caffeine on performance

delayed fatigue
improved concentration
enhanced alertness

36

side effects of caffeine

abdominal pain
headaches
high blood pressure

37

what is creatine

an acid that provides energy to cells

38

effect of creatine on performance

lets the anaerobic energy to perform for longer

39

side effect of creatine

damage to liver, kidneys

40

what is protein

supplement to build muscle

41

protein effect on performance

increases strength and endurance

42

side effects of protein

nausea
fatigue
headaches