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Flashcards in Permit Test Deck (130)
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What is the speed limit in...
interstates and tollways?
Highways with four lanes?
other highways and rural areas?
city/town areas?
school zones?

70 mph
65 mph
55 mph
30 mph
15 mph
20 mph


What should you do when getting close to construction sites?

Illinois law requires motorists to slow down, discontinue wire-less/cellphone use...
yield to any authorized vehicles or workers in the area, change to a lane away from the workers when possible and proceed with caution


What should you do when approaching emergency vehicles?

change to a lane away from the emergency workers when possible and proceed with caution. If a lane change is not possible, reduce speed and proceed with caution


Hands-free devices or Bluetooth
technology is allowed for persons age___ and olde



A distance of ___-___inches between the driver and the air bag is desirable



Child Passenger Protection Act

all children under age eight be properly
secured in an appropriate child safety restraint system


When approaching a marked school zone between 7 a.m. and 4 p.m., on days when
school is in operation and children are present, a driver must

discontinue wireless/cellphone
use (unless using a hands-free device that may include the use of a single-sided
headset), reduce speed to 20 mph, and stop and yield the right-of-way to any children
or adults in the crosswalk area.


Motorists encountering a funeral procession must

yield the right-of-way to all vehicles
in the procession. Motorists should NOT drive between vehicles in an organized funeral
procession, except when required to do so by a law enforcement officer


A driver must yield the right-of-way to other drivers when...(13)

1.When making a right turn on a red light after a complete stop.
2.After coming to a complete stop at an intersection where there is a stop sign or
flashing red signal. If there is no stop line, stop before the crosswalk. If there is no
crosswalk or stop line, stop at a place where all approaching traffic can be seen.
3. When making a left turn on a red light after a stop from a one-way street to another
one-way street with traffic moving to the left
4.When more than one driver reaches a four-way stop intersection. The first driver to
stop should be the first to go. When two vehicles on different roadways arrive at a
four-way stop intersection at the same time, the vehicle on the left should yield to
the vehicle on the right
5. When entering an intersection with a flashing yellow arrow
6.When two vehicles on different roadways reach an uncontrolled intersection at the
same time. The vehicle on the left should yield to the vehicle on the right.
7.To oncoming traffic when making a left-hand turn. If you enter an intersection while
the light is green, you may finish your turn even though the light turns red.
8. To through traffic when approaching a MERGE sign. You must increase or decrease
your speed to avoid a crash.
9.When approaching a YIELD sign.
10. Even after the light turns green when there are vehicles in the intersection.
11. When emerging from an alley, building, private road or driveway after coming to a
complete stop
12.To cross traffic when on the terminating highway of a “T” intersection with no traffic
control signs or signals
13. When approaching emergency vehicles using audible and visual signals


Pedestrian Right-of-Way
A driver must come to a complete stop (and yield) (10)

1. When a pedestrian is in a marked crosswalk
2. On school days, when children are in close proximity to a school zone crosswalk
(now just yield)
3. When a pedestrian is in an unmarked crosswalk on the driver’s side of the roadway
and there are no traffic control signals.
4. When making a turn at any intersection
5. When making a lawful turn on a red light after coming to a complete stop.
6.After coming to a complete stop at a stop sign or flashing red signal at an intersection.
7.When a pedestrian enters a crosswalk before the traffic light changed.
8. When a pedestrian is walking with a green light, to a walking person symbol or a
walk signal.
9.When a pedestrian is leaving or entering a street or highway from an alley, building,
private road or driveway.
10.When a pedestrian is entering an intersection with a flashing yellow arrow.


when a driver tries to pass another vehicle on a two lane highway

left lane should be clearly seen and free of oncoming traffic for a distance great
enough to permit passing. Do not turn back into the right-hand lane until you can see
the entire vehicle you have just passed in your rearview mirror. You must return to your
lane before you get within 200 feet of an oncoming vehicle. The driver you are passing
must not increase speed until you have completed your passing.


You may pass on the right when (3)

• When you have enough room on a two-lane roadway, and when the vehicle you are
passing is making or is about to make a left turn.
• On a one-way street or on a roadway with two or more clear lanes in each direction.
• At an intersection widened for this purpose.


Passing on a two-lane, two-way roadway is not allowed when (9)

• In an area marked for no passing by a solid yellow line on your side of the center of
the roadway or a DO NOT PASS or NO PASSING ZONE sign.
• On a hill or curve where it is not possible to see oncoming vehicles.
• Within 100 feet of an intersection or railroad crossing.
• When the view is blocked within 100 feet of any bridge, viaduct or tunnel.
• When a vehicle has stopped at a crosswalk or intersection to allow a pedestrian to
• In a construction zone. All constructions zones in Illinois are no passing zones.
• In any school zone located in an unincorporated area.
• In any posted school zone in an incorporated area.
• When a school bus has stopped to load or discharge passengers.


you must drive on the right half of the roadway except? (8)

• When passing another vehicle moving in the same direction on a two-lane highway,
interstate highway or controlled freeway.
• When a blockage makes it necessary to drive to the left of the center line. You may
drive on the left after yielding to oncoming traffic.
• On a roadway divided into three marked lanes for traffic.
• On a one-way street with two or more lanes of traffic.
• When directed to drive in a left lane by traffic control signs and signals on a multi -
lane, two-way highway.
• When crossing the center line to make a left turn into or from an alley, private road
or driveway.
• When approaching a stationary emergency vehicle (when it is safe to do so).
• When roadway construction is located in or in close proximity to the right lane or
right shoulder.


When driving on an interstate highway or full access controlled freeway, a person may not
drive in the left lane(s), except when passing another vehicle. Exceptions include when: (5)

• No other vehicle is directly behind the vehicle being driven in the left lane.
• Traffic conditions/congestion make it impractical to drive in the right lane.
• Weather conditions make it necessary to use the left lane(s).
• There is an obstruction or hazard in the right lane.
• The driver is changing lanes to yield to emergency or construction vehicles.


Additional rules apply in certain situations: (When you must stay on the right hand lane) (5)

• Slow vehicles must use the right-hand lane except when passing or making a left turn.
• Weaving from lane to lane to move faster than the traffic flow is unlawful.
• Traffic must travel in the direction of posted one-way streets or roadways. This rule
does not apply to police and emergency vehicles using sirens or flashing lights.
• It is unlawful to drive across median strips such as unpaved strips or median barriers.
A driver may turn left across a paved dividing-space unless it is not permitted
by a traffic control sign or signal.
• A driver must not enter or leave any controlled-access roadway except at a posted
entrance or exit.


In a business or residential area you must give a continuous turn signal for at least
___ feet before turning. In other areas, the signal must be given at least ___ feet
before turning.



Drivers may signal in two ways:

• Electrical turn signals — Apply the right turn signal for a right turn and the left
turn signal for a left turn.
• Hand and arm signals — Should be given with your left arm. For a right turn, the
hand and arm are extended straight up. For a left turn, the hand and arm are extended
straight out to the left. To slow down or stop, the hand and arm are extended down.


Hazard Signal

Both turn signals may be flashed at the same time to indicate a disabled or parked


Special Stops (3)

School Buses
You must stop before meeting or overtaking
a school bus loading or unloading
passengers on a two-lane roadway.

Railroad Crossings
When approaching a controlled or uncontrolled railroad crossing and the devices are
not activated, you should slow down and look in both directions on the track for
oncoming trains or railroad equipment. If safe to do so, proceed with caution across
the railroad crossing.

In urban areas, drivers must come to a complete stop before entering the sidewalk area
when moving out of an alley, building, private road or driveway. If there is no sidewalk,
stop at a point nearest the street or roadway where there is a view of approaching traffic.
After stopping, yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and all vehicles.


-hill parking
-parallel parking
-parking for persons with disabilities

1.hill parking-
Any time you park on a hill, you should put the gear select in park and set the parking/emergency
brake if necessary. When starting your vehicle from an uphill or downhill
location, you should release the parking/emergency brake, give the correct signal,
check for oncoming traffic and proceed when it is safe to do so.
• If you park on a street with curbing and your vehicle is facing downhill, turn the
front wheels toward the curb so your vehicle will roll toward the curb.
• If you park your vehicle facing uphill and there is a curb, turn the front wheels away
from the curb.
• If you park on a street without curbing, turn the wheels toward the side of the road
on which you are parked.

2. parallel parking-
When parking on streets with two-way traffic, park so the right-hand wheels are parallel
to and within 12 inches of the curb. On a one-way street or road, park within 12
inches of the right or left curb. Vehicles must be parked in the direction in which traffic
is moving.

3. Parking for Persons with Disabilities
Vehicles displaying license plates or parking placards for persons
with disabilities may park in spaces reserved for persons with disabilities


Stopping, standing or parking is prohibited when...(9)

• On the roadway side of any parked vehicle (double parking).
• On a sidewalk, crosswalk or within an intersection.
• Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb.
• Beside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction if your vehicle would block
• On any bridge, overpass, railroad track or within a highway tunnel.
• On any controlled access roadway — one you may enter or exit only at certain points.
• In the area between roadways of a divided highway, including crossovers.
• On a paved roadway or highway outside business or residential districts when it is
practical to stop or park off the roadway. In an emergency, you may stop and park
only if there is a clear view for 200 feet in each direction. Turn on your emergency
flashers and make sure there is enough space for other vehicles to pass.
• At any place where official signs prohibit stopping, standing or parking.


Standing or parking a vehicle, whether occupied or not, is prohibited when (4)

• In front of a public or private driveway.
• Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant.
• Within 20 feet of a fire station driveway or crosswalk at an intersection.
• Within 30 feet of a STOP sign, YIELD sign or traffic control signal.


Parking a vehicle, whether occupied or not, is prohibited:

• Within 50 feet of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing.
• On a highway between sunset and sunrise unless parking lights are displayed in
front and rear, or you are within an urban district where lights are not required.
Headlights on parked vehicles must be dimmed.


Additional Laws
Motorists should familiarize themselves with local laws as there may be a variance
between municipalities. Illinois law states that you may not: (13)

• Drive on a sidewalk except when it is part of a driveway.
• Back up on any shoulder or roadway of any controlled access roadway.
• Back up on other roadways unless it is done safely and does not interfere with other
• Open doors on the side of a vehicle on which traffic is moving unless it can be done
safely and without interfering with traffic. The door may remain open only long
enough to load or unload passengers.
• Wear a headset while driving. Headsets are defined as any device, other than a hearing
aid, that allows the wearer to hear or receive electronic communications. (The use
of a single-sided headset or earpiece with a wireless/cellphone device is permitted
while driving.) Motorcycle, motor-driven cycle and moped operators may use intercom
helmets that permit drivers and/or passengers to speak to one another.
• Drive onto a railroad crossing, enter an intersection or drive within a marked crosswalk
unless there is enough space to allow passage of other vehicles, pedestrians
or railroad trains.
• Drive over fire hoses unless permitted by the fire official in command.
• Push a vehicle on a rural highway unless there is an emergency and it should be
removed to avoid a hazard.
• Tow one vehicle with another except by a drawbar. In most cases, the distance
between the two cars should not exceed 15 feet. A towed vehicle also should be
coupled to the towing vehicle with two chains or cables.
• Remove a wrecked or damaged vehicle from the roadway without removing all
glass and other debris.
• Overload a vehicle with passengers or freight so that the driver’s view is obstructed.
No more than three persons should ride in the front seat of a vehicle.
• Ride in a house trailer while it is being moved on a street or highway.
• Operate or permit to be operated any sound system (radio, tape player or disc player)
at a volume that can be heard 75 feet or more from a vehicle being driven on a


Large Vehicles
When sharing the road with trucks, buses or other large vehicles, follow these tips:

• When following a large vehicle, stay out of its blind spots. Position your vehicle so
the driver can see it in the side mirrors.
• Pay close attention to turn signals, and give large vehicles
plenty of room to maneuver and make turns. Large
vehicles make wide right turns and sometimes leave an
open space to the right just before the turn.
• Size and weight affect a vehicle’s ability to maneuver and
stop. Always allow extra space for large vehicles.
• When following a truck at night, always dim your headlights.
Bright lights will blind the driver of the large vehicle
when they reflect off the large side mirrors.
• When passing a truck, let the driver know you are passing
by blinking your headlights, especially at night. The driver will make it easier for
you by staying to the far side of the lane. Complete your pass as quickly as possible,
and don’t stay alongside the vehicle.


Slow-Moving Vehicles
An _____________ must be on the rear of certain slow-moving vehicles

orange slow-moving vehicle emblem


Closing Speeds
Normal speeds for slow-moving vehicles may range from _-__mph.



turns and passing with large vehicles

Slow-moving vehicles may make wide turns and may turn right or left at any time into
unmarked entrances. When approaching from the rear, stay a safe distance behind the
vehicle until it is safe to pass, then be certain the driver has seen you and is aware of
your intent to pass before you begin.


lane usage
Slower traffic must drive in the ___lane. The ___ lane is for passing and turning.