Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (39)
What is a personality trait?
-An enduring, repetitive pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself
What is a personality disorder?
-Inflexible, maladaptive, and rigidly pervasive pattern of behavior causing subjective distress and/or impaired functioning; person is usually not aware of problem
-usually presents by early adulthood
Should personality disorders be diagnosed in children?
-No because personality develoment is not complete
is the diagnosis of personality disorder reliable in elderly population?
What is Cluster A?
-Paranoid personality disorder: characterized by irrational suspicions and mistrust of others
What is Schizoid personality disorder?
-lack of interest in social relationships, seeing no point in sharing time with others
-Appear different to the praise or criticism of others and often seem cold or aloof
-marked by little pleasure in activities
-lacks close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives
What is the go to answer if we need to pick a therapy for the person?
-cognitive behavioral therapy!!!!
-if we have no idea what the answer is, our odds are best when picking these
What is Schizotypal personality disorder?
-odd behavior or thinking
-ideas of reference
-odd beliefs or magical thinking
-vague, circumstantial, or stereotyped speech
-Excessive social anxiety that does not diminish with familiarity
What is Cluster B personality disorders?
-Dramatic, emotional or erratic disorders
What is antisocial personality disorder?
-pervasive disregard for the law and the rights of others
What is Borderline personality disorder?
-exteme "black and white" thinking, instability in relationships, self-image, identity, and behavior
What is Histrionic personality disorder?
-pervasive attention-seeking behavior including inappropriate sexual seductiveness and shallow or exaggerated emotions
What is Narcissistic personality disorder?
-a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy
What is antisocial personality disorder?
-repeated violations of law
-pervasive lying and deception
-reckless disregard for safety of self or others
-consistent irresponsibility in work and family environments
-lack of remorse
Is antisocial personality disorder more prevalent in men or in women?
-3x more prevalent in men
What is borderline personality disorder?
-frantic efforts to avoid expected abandonment
-unstable self image
-chronic feelings of emptiness
-3x more common in women than men
How are borderline personality disorder people?
-immature personality traits: teddy bear, tweety bird
-Need to set rigid boundaries when treating these pts
-are often victim of sexual abuse or emotional abuse
-have a high rate of comorbid major depression
What is labelle indifference in the histrionic personality disorder?
-a seemingly indifferent detachment, while describing dramatic physical symptoms
What is Cluster C ?
-anxious or fearful disorders
What is avoidant personality disorder?
-Social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation and avoidance of social interaction
what is dependent personality disorder?
-pervasive psychological dependence on other people
What is Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder?
-Characterized by rigid conformity to rules, moral codes and excessive orderliness
How does avoidant personality disorder differ from schozoid personality disorder?
-the desire relationships with others
-paralyzed by their fear and sensitivity into social isolation
-shy but not as odd as cluster A types
If someone cuts, what do we think of?
Borderline personality disorder
Does multiple personality disorder exist?
What does DSM 5 describe multiple personality disorder as?
-Dissociative identity disorder
What is dissoviative identity disorder?
-presence of two or more distinct idnetities or personality states
What is psychodynamic psychotherapy?
-examines the ways that patients perceive events
-assumption that perceptions are shaped by early life
-identify perceptual distortions and their historical sources
-facilitate the development of more adaptive modes of perception and response
-frequency from several times a week to once a month; it makes use of transference
What is cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)?
-deals with how people think about their world and their perception of it
-typically limited to episodes of 6-20 weeks, once weekly