Personality Disorders - Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Personality Disorders - Chapter 4 Deck (25)
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1

What are the three recognizable personality disorder clusters?

odd and eccentric, dramatic and emotional, and anxious and fearful

2

What are some of the symptoms of someone with paranoid personality disorder?

distrustful, suspicious, anticipate harm, and betrayal

3

What type of patients will show an increased prevalence of paranoid personality disorder?

relatives of patients with chronic schizophrenia and patients with delusional disorders

4

What do people with paranoid personality disorder see the world as?

malevolent

5

What do people with paranoid personality require?

emotional distance

6

Why is it important to differentiate paranoia associated with psychotic disorders from paranoid personality disorders?

because paranoia associated with psychotic disorders is responsive to anti-psychotic medications

7

True/False. Patients with schizoid personality disorders are emotionally detached and want to be left alone.

True.

8

Although schizoid personality disorder patients prefer to be left alone, who do they maintain an important bond with?

a family member

9

What is the difference between schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia?

schizotypal disorder is less severe and without sustained psychotic symptoms

10

True/False. People with antisocial personality disorders obey the rules and laws of society.

False. they constantly disregard the rules and laws.

11

In families of an individual with antisocial personality disorder, what do the men and women show higher rates in?

men = substance abuse
women = somatization disorder (pain found in the body without a physical cause)

12

What are some things that an individual with borderline personality disorder suffer from?

instability in relationships, self-image, affect, and impulse control

13

What have females with borderline personality disorder suffered from?

sexual and/or physical abuse

14

What are some clues that help in diagnosing borderline personality disorders?

unstable relationships, unstable self-image, unstable affect, and unstable impulse behavior

15

what are individuals with histrionic personality disorder suffering from?

powerful need for attention

16

How do individuals with narcissitic personality disorder act/ appear?

they appear arrogant, and suffer from low self esteem

17

True/False. People with avoidant personality disorder desire relationships.

True they desire them BUT they avoid them because of the anxiety that is produced.

18

How do people with dependent personality disorder act?

they are extremely needy, relying on others for emotional support and decision making

19

Do people with OC-personality-D finish a task they start?

no, they focus too much on the details that they never finish the task

20

what is the general treatment for personality disorders that works best?

psychotherapy

21

what are the different types therapy available to treat personality disorders but need to be modified?

psychodyanmically based therapies, cognitive, behavioral, and family therapies, and behavioral therapy.

22

Is there a specific medication that can be used to treat any specific personality disorder?

No will not treat the disorder BUT will treat the symptoms.

23

what medication is used for anxiety? what is overlooked when using this medication?

benzodiazepines; potential for abuse and dependence is overlooked

24

what is SSRI's used to treat?

depression, oCD, eating disturbances

25

what can be treated with LOW dose antipsychotics?

psychotic or paranoid symptoms