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Flashcards in Pharmacology Deck (48):
1

Nitroglycerin Action

Dilates Blood vessels, relaxes coronary arteries and veins

2

Nitroglycerin Route of Administration

Sublingual (under the tongue) by tablet or spray

3

Nitroglycerin Indications

Chest pain of cardiac origin

4

Nitroglycerin Contraindications

if the patient is hypotensive
Use of ED medication
Head Injury

5

Nitroglycerin Side Effects

Headache, burning under the tongue, hypotension, nausea

6

Nitroglycerin Interactions

Increases dilating effects of other blood vessel-dilating medications

7

Nitroglycerin Dosage

0.3 to 0.4mg sublingual tablet
0.4mg spray

8

Glucose Action

Provides glucose for cells to use

9

Glucose Indications

Low blood glucose (hypoglycemia)

10

Glucose Contraindications

Low level of consciousness, nausea, vomiting

11

Glucose Routes

Orally (PO)

12

Glucose Side Effects

Nausea, vomiting

13

Glucose Interactions

None

14

Glucose Dose

1/2 tube (7.5g) Pediatric
1 Tube (15g) Adult

15

Activated Charcoal Action

Absorbs toxic substances in the digestive tract

16

Activated Charcoal Indications

Most oral poisonings, overdose

17

Activated Charcoal Contraindications

Low consciousness, overdose of corrosives, caustics, or petroleum substances

18

Activated Charcoal Routes

Orally (PO)

19

Activated Charcoal Side Effects

Nausea, vomiting, constipation, black stool

20

Activated Charcoal Indications

Bonds with and inactivates most medications and substances in the digestive system

21

Activated Charcoal Dosage

1 to 2 g/kg

22

Asprin Action

Anti-inflammatory agent and anti-fever agent that prevents platelets from clumping, decreasing formation of new clots

23

Asprin Indications

Relief of mild pain, headache, muscle aches, chest pain of cardiac origin

24

Asprin Contraindications

Hypersensitivity, recent bleeding, hemophiliac

25

Aspirin Side Effects

Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, bleeding, allergic reactions

26

Asprin Interactions

Caution should be used in patients who are taking anticoagulants

27

Aspirin Dose

81g tablet, maximum of 325mg for chest pain

28

Albuterol Action

Stimulates nervous system causing bronchodilation

29

Albuterol Indications

Asthma, difficulty breathing with wheezing

30

Albuterol Contraindications

Hypersensitivity, tachycardia, chest pain of cardiac origin

31

Albuterol Routes

Inhalation

32

Albuterol Side Effects

Hypertension, tachycardia, anxiety, restlessness

33

Albuterol Interactions

Increases effects of nervous system stimulants

34

Albuterol Dosage

1 to 2 inhalations, wait five minutes

35

Narcan Action

Reverses respiratory depression secondary to opoid overdose

36

Narcan Indications

Opoid Overdose

37

Narcan Contraindications

Hypersensitivity

38

Narcan Routes

Intramuscular, Intranasally

39

Narcan Side Effects

Nausea, Vomiting

40

Narcan Interactions

none

41

Narcan Dosage

0.4mg auto-injector
2mg IN

42

Epinepherine Action

Stimulates nervous system, causing bronchodilation

43

Epinepherine Indications

Anaphylactic reaction

44

Epinepherine Contraindications

Chest pain of cardiac origin, hypothermia, hypertension

45

Epinepherine Routes

Intra Muscular injection (auto, or manual)

46

Epinepherine Side Effects

Hypertension, tachycardia, anxiety, restlessness

47

Epinepherine Interactions

Increases effects of other nervous system stimulants

48

Epinephrine Dosage

0.3mg for adults
0.15mg children