# Pharmacy Math and Conversions Flashcards

1
Q

Convert 1 CC to mL

A

1 CC= 1 mL

2
Q

How many mL in a tsp?

A

5 mL in one teaspoon

3
Q

How many mL in a tbsp?

A

15 mL in one tablespoon

4
Q

How many mL in an ounce?

A

30 mL in one ounce

5
Q

How many mL in a pint?

A

480 mL in one pint

6
Q

How many mL in a gallon?

A

3785 mL in one gallon

7
Q

How many tsp in a tbsp?

A

3 teaspoons in one tablespoon

8
Q

How many tablespoons in an ounce?

A

2 tablespoons in one ounce

9
Q

How many fl ounces in a pint?

A

16 ounces in a pint

10
Q

How many pints in a quart?

A

2 pints in one quart

11
Q

How many quarts in a gallon?

A

4 quarts in a gallon

12
Q

How many grams in a microgram?

A

10E-6

13
Q

How many grams in a milligram?

A

10E-3

14
Q

How many pounds in a kilogram?

A

2.2 pounds in one kilogram

15
Q

How many ounces in a pound?

A

16 ounces in a pound

16
Q

What is the equation to convert Fahrenheit to Celsius?

A

F= (9/5)C+32

17
Q

What quantity is roman numeral: L

A

50

18
Q

What quantity is roman numeral: D

A

500

19
Q

What quantity is roman numeral: M

A

1000

20
Q

What quantity is roman numeral: X

A

10

21
Q

What quantity is roman numeral: V

A

5

22
Q

What quantity is roman numeral: C

A

100

23
Q

What quantity is roman numeral: SS

A

1/2

24
Q

What are some rules for roman numerals?

A

If one or more letters are placed after another letter of greater value, add that amount.

• If a letter of lower value is placed before another letter of greater value, the lower value is subtracted from the higher value.
• First look for and do the subtractions, then add together the remaining values.
• A letter can only repeat three times.
• V, L and D are never subtracted or repeated.
25
Q

What is Clark’s Rule?

A

Adult Dose x (Weight/150)= Childs Dose

26
Q

What is Young’s Rule?

A

Adult Dose x (Age/(Age+12))= Child’s Dose

27
Q

Equation for Dilution

A

C1V1=C2V2

28
Q

Equations for IV calculations.

A
• Volume/Time= Rate
• Volume/Rate= Time
• Rate x Time= Volume
29
Q

What is a drop factor? (IV)

A

IV Infusion devices are calibrated to deliver so many Drops per Milliliter.

30
Q

What is the flow rate? (IV)

A

A nurse will set the device to dispense so many drops per minute in order to achieve the proper ml/min.

31
Q

How many micrograms in a milligram?

A

1000 micrograms in a milligram

32
Q

What are the units in the W/V concentration?

A

g/100 mL

33
Q

What are the units in the V/V concentration?

A

1 mL/ 100 mL

34
Q

What are the units in the W/W concentration?

A

1 gm/ 100 gm

35
Q

How do you set up an alligation problem?

A
• Tic Tac Toe Board.
• Top Left/ Bottom left= what you have
• middle= what you need
• Subtraction
• Result: top right/ bottom right give parts of each value in top left/bottom left.
36
Q

What is markup percentage?

A

Markup is the percentage over the wholesale price of a product and represents the profit made on that product.

37
Q

What are the basic components of pharmokinetics?

A
1. Absorb
2. Distribute
3. Metabolism
4. Eliminate
38
Q

What is the equation for Body Surface Area (meters squared)?

A

sq root[ (inches x pounds)/(3131) ]