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Flashcards in Phlebotomy Deck (25):
1

Additive for Yellow top tube

SPS (Sodium polyethanol sulfonate)

2

Additive for Light blue top tube

Sodium Citrate

3

Additive for Red top tube

None

4

Additive for Green top tube

Heparin

5

Additive for Lavender top tube

EDTA (Ehylenediaminetetraacetic acid)`

6

Additive for gray top tube

Sodium fluoride Potassium oxalate

7

Tubes for order of draw

Yellow, light blue, red, green, lavender, gray, yellow

8

Tests used in 1st yellow top

cultures

9

Tests in light light blue top

Pt, PTT, INR

10

Tests for red top tube

Routine chemistry tests (serum)

11

Tests for lavender top tube

CBC, Hgb, Hct, Sed rate

12

Tests for green top tube

STAT chemistry tests (plasma)

13

Tests to gray top tube

Glucose, ethanol, lactate, bicarbonate

14

Tests for royal blue top tube

trace elements

15

Additive for gold or tiger top tube

Thixotropic gel

16

venipuncture site for newborns or infants up to 6 months

heel stick and capillary blood

17

venipuncture site for children from 6 months to 2 years

capillary finger stick

18

Venipuncture restriction sites

fistulas, ports or mastectomy

19

What is used to disinfect the area for venipucture

70% alcohol pads

20

Location for application of tourniquet

3-4 in above venipuncture site

21

How long can you leave a tourniquet

1 min

22

Angle for venipuncture

15 to 30 degrees bevel facing up

23

What happens if you leave the tourniquet too long

hemoconcentration

24

What happens if you shake the tubes

Hemolysis

25

Order or draw for microcapillary tubes

blood gases, EDTA tubes, other additive tubes, serum tubes