Phrases, Clauses, and Sentences Flashcards Preview

9th Grade English > Phrases, Clauses, and Sentences > Flashcards

Flashcards in Phrases, Clauses, and Sentences Deck (13):
1

Clause

Group of words containing a subject and a predicate

2

Independent Clause

Group of words that stand alone (complete thought)

3

Dependent Clause

Group of words containing a subject and predicate, and normally start with a subordinating conjunction (incomplete)

4

Conjunctions

Part of speech that join words, phrases, and clauses (coordinating, adverbial, subordinating)

5

Phrase

Group of words missing a subject or a predicate

6

Coordinating Conjunction

Used after a comma when joining 2 independent clauses (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)

7

Adverbial Conjunction

Work like coordinating conjunctions, and may start, interrupt, or join thoughts (however, moreover, therefore, nevertheless, notwithstanding)

8

Subordinating Conjunction

Make a clause dependent, need comma if it starts sentence (because, since, while, so that, as though, just as, when)

9

Sentence Types

Simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex

10

Simple Sentence

Independent Clause

11

Compound Sentence

Independent clause + independent clause (, + conjunction or semicolon inbetween both ICs

12

Complex Sentence

Dependent clause + independent clause (can be flipped)

13

Compound-Complex Sentence

Independent Clause + Independent Clause + Dependent Clause (any order)