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Pulmonology > Physical Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Physical Exam Deck (15):
1

What are the physical exam findings of pneumonia?

Increased fremitus
Dull percussion
Peripheral bronchial breath sounds
Crackles
Egophony

2

What are the physical exam findings of pleural effusion?

Decreased fremitus
Dull percussion
Posterior trachea deviation

3

What are the physical exam findings of atelectasis?

Decreased fremitus
Bronchiovesicular and bronchial breath sounds in low lung
Anterior trachea deviation

4

What are the physical exam findings of asthma?

Diffuse wheezes
Bilateral widely spaced ribs
(ONLY when symptomatic)

5

What are the physical exam findings of COPD?

Wheezes
Bilateral widely spaced ribs

6

What are the physical exam findings of pulmonary edema?

Increased fremitus
Crackles

7

In what condition is a friction rub heard?

Pleuritis

8

What causes egophony?

Fluid or compressed tissue

9

What causes wheezes?

Narrow airways

10

What causes rhonchi?

Partially obstructed airway (mucus)

11

What causes crackles?

Disruptive flow, stiff or filled alveoli

12

What causes resonant percussion?

Air

13

What causes dull percussion?

Fluid/soft tissue

14

What causes increased fremitus?

Fluid (water, blood, pus)

15

What caused decreased fremitus?

Air (emphysema, pneumo) or external water (effusion)