Physical Therapy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Physical Therapy Deck (22):
1

Cane

A rod used as an aid in walking

2

Compresses

A folded wet or dry cloth applied firmly to a body part

3

Contracture

Tightening or shortening of muscles

4

Crutches

Artificial supports that assist a patient in walking

5

Dry cold

Application that provides cold temperature but is dry against the skin

6

Dry heat

Application that provides warm temperature but is dry against the skin

7

Hydrocollator packs

Gel filled packs that are warmed in a water bath to provide moist heat application

8

Hypothermia blankets

Special blankets used to reduce high body temperature

9

Ice bags

Plastic or rubber device filled with ice to provide dry cold application

10

Ice collars

Plastic or rubber devices filled with ice to provide dry cold application

11

Most cold

An application that provides cold temperature and is wet against skin

12

Moist heat

An application that provides warm temperature and is moist on the skin

13

Paraffin wax treatment

Heated mixture and is used to provide a moist heat application

14

Range of motion

Exercises designed to move each joint or muscle through it's full range of movement

15

Sitz bath

Special bath given to apply moist heat to the genital or rectal area

16

Transfer (gait) belt

Band of fabric that is placed around a patients wait and grasped by the care worker to provide additional support

17

Vasoconstriction

Constriction of the blood vessels

18

Vasodilation

Dialation of the blood vessels

19

Walker

A device that has metal framework and aids in walking

20

Warm water bags

Rubber or plastic device designed to hold warm water for dry heat application

21

Caminar

To walk or to move

22

Aquamatic pads

Temperature controlled unit that circulates warm liquid through a pad to provide dry heat