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Flashcards in Physiological Psychology Deck (43)
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1

One of first to theorize that behavior, intellect, and personality might be linked to brain anatomy

Franz Gall

2

Developed the doctrine of phrenology

Franz Gall

3

Prenology

Belief that if a trait were well developed, it'd push out the part of the brain responsible for it

The study of the conformation of the skull based on the belief that it is indicative of mental faculties and character

4

First to study functions of the major sections of the brain

Pierre Flourens

5

Studied sections of the brain by extirpation (ablation) using pigeons

Pierre Flourens

6

Surgically removing various parts of the brain to observe the behavioral changes

Extirpation

7

Believed it was important to study how the mind functioned in adapting to the environment

William James

8

A system of thought in psychology that was concerned with studying how mental processes helped individuals adapt to their environments

Functionalism

9

Wrote an article criticizing the reflex arc

John Dewey

10

Believed psychology should focus on the organization as a whole as it functioned and adapted to the environment

John Dewey

11

Examined behavioral deficits of people with brain damage

Paul Broca

12

First to demonstrate that specific functional impairments could be linked with specific brain lesions

Paul Broca

13

Phineas Gage

Railroad worker who was injured when an iron rod was gauged into the front of his skull; survived the injury with minor physical impairments, but experienced noticable differences in his personality

14

Identified the law of specific nerve energies (that each sensory nerve is excited by only one kind of energy)

Johannes Mueller

15

First to measure the speed of a nerve impulse

Hermann von Helmholtz

16

Helped transition psychology into a field of the natural sciences

Hermann von Helmholtz

17

First to infer the existence of synapses

Sir Charles Sherrington

18

French anatomist who identified the part of the brain primarily associated with producing spoken language

Paul Broca

19

Physiologist who studied the automatic nervous system, including "fight or flight" reactions; investigated homeostatis

Cannon, W.

20

Demonstrated that simple learning behavior in sea snails (aplysia) is associated with changes in neurotransmission

Kandel, E.

21

Studied loss of normal fear and rage reactions in monkeys resulting from damage to temporal lobes

Kluever, H. & Bucy, P.

22

Studied the amygdala's role in emotions

Kluever, H. & Bucy, P.

23

Russian neurologist who studied how brain damage leads to impairment in sensory, motor and language functions

Luria, A.

24

Studied severe anterograde amnesia in H. M., a patient whose hippocampus and temporal lobes were removed surgically to control epilepsy

Milner, B.

25

Demonstrated the existence of pleasure center in the brain using "self-stimulation" studies in rats

Olds, J. & Milner, P.

26

Canadian neurosurgeon who used electrodes and electrical stimulation techniques to "map" out different parts of the brain during surgery

Penfield, W.

27

Investigated functional differences between left and right cerebral hemispheres using "split-brain" studies

Sperry, R. & Gazzaniga, M.

28

German neurologist who identified part of the brain primarily associated with understanding spoken language

Wernicke, C

29

Parts of the Forebrain (5)

Cerebral cortex
Basal ganglia
Limbic system
Thalamus
Hypothalamus

30

Parts of the Midbrain (1)

Inferior and superior colliculi