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Flashcards in Plant Biology Specialties Deck (31)
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ANATOMY

microscopic plant structure

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BIOCHEMISTRY

chemical aspects of plant life processes. Includes the chemical products of plants

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BIOPHYSICS

application of physics to plant life processes.

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CYTOLOGY

structure, function, and life history of plant cells.

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ECOLOGY

relationships between plants and the world in which they live, both individually and in communities.

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GENETICS

plant heredity and variation. Plant geneticists study genes and gene function in plants.

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MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

structure and function of biological macromolecules, including biochemical and molecular aspects of genetics.

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MORPHOLOGY

macroscopic plant form. Morphologists also study the evolution and development of leaves, roots and stems.

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PALEOBOTANY

biology and evolution of fossil plants.

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PHYSIOLOGY

functions and vital processes of plants. Photosynthesis and mineral nutrition are two examples of subjects studied by plant physiologists.

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SYSTEMATICS

evolutionary history and relationships among plants.

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SYSTEMS ECOLOGY

uses mathematical models to demonstrate concepts like nutrient cycling.

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TAXONOMY

is the subdiscipline of identifying, naming, and classifying plants.

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AGRONOMY

crop and soil sciences. Agronomists make practical use of plant and soil sciences to increase the yield of field crops.

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BIOTECHNOLOGY

using biological organisms to produce useful products. Most people today have a narrower view of biotechnology as the genetic modification of living organisms to produce useful products. Plant biotechnology involves inserting desirable genes into plants and having those genes expressed.

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BREEDING

development of better types of plants. Breeding involves selecting and crossing plants with desirable traits such as disease resistance.

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ECONOMIC BOTANY

plants with commercial importance. Economic botany includes the study of botany harmful and beneficial plants and plant products.

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FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

development of food from venous plant products.

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FORESTRY

forest management for the production of timber, and conservation.

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HORTICULTURE

the production of ornamental plants and fruit and vegetable crops. Landscape design is also an important sub-discipline in horticulture.

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NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

the responsible use and protection of our natural resources for the benefit of society.

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PLANT PATHOLOGY

diseases of plants. Plant pathologists are concerned with both the biological aspects of disease and with disease management, or control.

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EDUCATION

providing knowledge and insight about plants, plant biology, and the crucial ecological roles of plants. Includes teaching in schools, museums and botanical gardens, development of educational materials, and science writing.

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EXPLORATION

search for new, undiscovered plants.

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HISTORY

development of botany as a scientific discipline.

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BRYOLOGY

the study of mosses and similar plants. Bryologists study all aspects of these plants, including their identification, classification, and ecology.

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LICHENOLOGY

the biology of lichens, dual organisms composed of both a fungus and an alga.

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MYCOLOGY

the biology of fungi. Fungi have a tremendous impact on our world. They are crucial in the biosphere because they help recycle dead organic material. Some fungi are important producers of biological products such as vitamins and antibiotics.

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MICROBIOLOGY

the study of microorganisms. Microbiologists may be specialized by organism (for example, microbiologists that study bacteria) of by a branch of biology

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PTERlDOLOGY

the study of ferns and similar plants. Pteridologists study all aspects of fem biology.