Flashcards in Pluralism Deck (10):
What is tolerance?
Thinking something is WRONG but still saying you will accept it
Standard critiques for moral relativism?
Going from is to ought- just bc there are differences, doesn't mean there are different morals
Sometimes the values are actually the same (burying the dead example)
What about serious critiques (FGM)? And we can critique our own culture
Standard critiques for universalism?
Where would these universal values come from?
I can't prove that there are universal standards for eval, but my culture is the best.
Political scientist version of pluralism
Description of the actual functioning of democracy, power in a democracy is dispersed amongst groups. Arg. against: Elitism (some groups get what they want, others don't)
Political philosophy version of pluralism
Description of the fact of a plurality of values. Many irreducible and incommensurable values. Arg. against: Monism
Most basic challenge of pluralism
Simple fact that ppl may cherish a variety of values that aren't always easy to reconcile
Normative THEORY of pluralism
That plurality of values cannot and shouldnt be tried to reconcile, or lexically ordered (some given priority over others).
Pluralism and liberalism, what is the liberal response to the problem pluralism presents to liberalism ?
Plur. traditionally challengers of liberalism (everyone has their personal freedoms, you may think whatever you like). But liberalism PREVENTS state from imposing values upon people, allows ppl to live according to their preferred values.