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Flashcards in Poetic Terms Deck (18)
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1

Simile

a comparison using "like", "as", and sometimes "than".
ex. "My parents are like the moon and the sun."

2

Metaphor

a direct comparison that does not use "like" or "as".
ex. "The man was a house."

3

Personification

the lending of human characteristics to non-human things
ex. "The cedar tree shook its ragged coat."

4

Oxymoron

two opposing terms that still make sense when placed together
ex. Jumbo shrimp, pretty ugly, silent scream, military intelligence

5

Onomatopoeia

any word that sounds like a sound.
ex. buzz, bang, woof, poof, kaboom, crackle, pop

6

Hyperbole

a gross or excessive exaggeration for effect.
ex. "I could eat a whole cow."

7

Metre

the measurement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.
ex. I/wan/dered/lone/ly/as/a/cloud

8

Blank verse

poetry that has metre, but no rhyme

9

Free verse

poetry that has neither ryhme nor metre

10

Sonnet

14 line poem with alternating rhyme scheme and ten syllables in each line.

11

Haiku

3 line poem with 5-7-5 syllables respectively in each line.

12

Imagery

words that appeal the senses and often create an image in our minds
ex. "On a dark desert highway, cool wind in my hair."

13

Couplet

two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry
ex. "I had a cat." "who lived in a hat"

14

Alliteration

repetition of the same initial consonant in a line of poetry
ex. "peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers", "twin towers", "double-down decker", "she sells sea shells"

15

Assonance

repetition of the same vowel sound in a line (or lines) of poetry
ex. "seepin in deep and then you end of thinkin"

16

Rhyme

repetition of the last sound in a line of poetry

17

Lyric

short, emotional poem

18

Ballad

narrative poem (tells a story).