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Flashcards in Poetry Deck (52)
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1

Poetry

One of three major literary genres of imaginative literature, which has its origins in music and oral performance and is characterised by rhythm and syntax; compression and compactness; an allowance for ambiguity; an emphasis on the sensual qualities of words and word order; and figurative language

2

Narrative poem

A type of poem in which a narrator tells the story

3

Dramatic poem

A type of poem in which a speaker addresses a silent auditor or auditors and creates a setting and situation that is revealed entirely through the speakers words

4

Lyric poem

A relatively short poem in which the speaker addresses his or her thoughts and feelings in the first person

5

Convention

A characteristic feature of a particular literary genre

6

Sonnet

A fixed verse form that consists of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter

7

Elegy

A formal lament on the death of a person, but focussing mainly on the speakers effort to come to terms with his or her grief

8

Epic

A long, narrative poem that celebrates the achievements of heroes and heroins that uses elevated language and a grand style

9

Chivalric romance

A long, medieval narrative in verse or prose, written in one of the romantic languages, that follows the quests of chivalric heroes and the vicissitudes of courtly love

10

Ballad

A verse narrative that is originally meant to be sung

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Rhyme

Repetition or correspondence of the ending sounds of words

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Masculine rhyme

Rhyme that only involves a single stressed syllable

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Feminine rhyme

Rhyme that involves two rhyming syllables, the last one being unstressed

14

Alliteration

The repetition of initial consonant sounds in a sequence of words

15

Free verse

Poetry that lacks traditional meter, has varying line lengths and the lines don't rhyme

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Meter

The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

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Mnemonic devices

Memory devices built in poems to help memorising them

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Formalist/neo-formalists

Traditional poets who suggest that good poetry requires formal elements and discipline

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End rhyme

When the last words in two or more lines rhyme with each other

20

Rhyme scheme

The pattern of end rhymes in a poem

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Couplet

Two consecutive lines of verse linked by rhyme and meter

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Heroic couplet

couplet with iambic pentameter

23

Internal rhyme

when a word within a line of poetry rhymes with another word in the same line or a line nearby

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perfect/true/full rhyme

rhyme that requires that words share consonants and vowel sounds

25

off/half/near/slant rhyme

rhyme that's slightly 'off', usually because words final consonant sounds correspond, but not the vowels that precede them

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eye/sight rhyme

words that don't actually rhyme, but look as if they do

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onomatopoeia

a word written like the sound that it describes

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consonance

the repetition of certain consonant sounds in close proximity (mike likes his new bike)

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assonance

the repetition of vowel sounds in a sequence of words with different endings (uncertain rustling of purple curtains)

30

anaphora

figure of speech involving the repetition of the same word or phrase in successive lines, clauses or sentences