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Flashcards in Poetry literary devices Deck (44)
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1

Haiku

A major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5,7, and 5 syllables

2

Diction (Poetic)

Style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words

3

Euphony

Pleasing effect to the ear, especially a pleasant sounding or harmonious combination of succession of words

4

Stanza

An arrangement of a certain number of lines

5

Imagery

Words that paint pictures in the reader’s mind

6

Iambic meter

Foot of 2 syllables; unstressed, stressed

7

Paradox

A statement of proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth

8

Assonance

Repetition of a vowel sound through a verse

9

Meter

The length of a line of poetry, based on what type of rhythm is used, measured in feet

10

Approximate rhyme(Slant rhyme)

When the final sound of two words are very similar but not exactly alike

11

Tone

The author's attitude toward a poem

12

Free verse

No consistent rhythm or pattern; may or may not have some rhyme but not in any pattern

13

Onomatopoeia

Using the sound associated with something

14

Allusion

A reference to something beyond this piece, such as something in history, mythology, literature, etc,.

15

Enjambment

The running on of the thought from one line, couplet, or stanzas to the next without a syntactical break

16

Connotation

The associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its primary meaning

17

End rhyme

Rhyme of the terminal syllables of lines of poetry

18

Parallelism

Agreement in direction, tendency, or character; the state or condition of being parallel

19

Denotation

The direct meaning or meanings of a word or expression

20

Caesura

A great, especially a sense pause, usually near the middle of a verse

21

Cacophony

Harsh discordance of sound; dissonance

22

Scansion

The metrical analysis of verse

23

Understatement

The act or an instance of representing in a weak/restrained way that is not borne out by the facts

24

Dactyl meter

Foot of 3 syllables; stressed, unstressed, unstressed

25

End-stopped line

Lines of poetry that end in a definite punctuation mark

26

Simile

An indirect comparison of 2 unlike things using “like” or “as”

27

Consonance

Repetition of a consonant sound through a verse

28

Anaphora

Repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences

29

Accent

Prominence of a syllable in terms of different loudness, or of pitch, or length, or of a combination of these

30

Internal rhyme

A rhyme created by two or more words in the same line of verse

31

Anapest meter

Foot of 3 syllables; unstressed, unstressed, stressed

32

Spondee meter

Foot of 2syllables; stressed, stressed

33

Hyperbole

Obvious and intentional exaggeration

34

Syntax

The study of patterns of formation of sentences and phrases from words

35

Trochee meter

Foot of 2 syllables; stressed, unstressed

36

Blank verse

Consist of unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter( rhythm without rhyme)

37

Symbolism

The practice of representing things by symbols, or of investigating things with a symbolic meaning or character

38

Irony

The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning

39

Alliteration

Repetition of initial consonant sounds

40

Sonnet

A poem of 14 lines, especially in iambic pentameter

41

Metaphor

A direct comparison of 2 unlike things using forms of “to be” or replacing the object

42

Personification

Giving humanlike characteristics to an inanimate object

43

Villanelle

A short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually 5 in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on 2 line rhymes

44

Couplet

A pair of successive lines of verse, especially a pair that rhyme and are of the same length