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Flashcards in Poetry Test Deck (30):
0

A rhetorical figure in which human qualities are attributed to nonhuman things or abstractions.

Personification

1

Meaning "bad sound," this term refers to words combining sharp or harsh sounds.

Cacophony

2

The repetition of identical consonant sounds such as "Betty Blue."

Alliteration

3

A figure of speech in which a comparison is being used, using "like" or "as."

Simile

4

Measures combinations of heavy and light stresses in poetry.

Feet

5

A foot of poetry with two unstressed and one stressed syllable, such as "in the moon."

Anapest

6

A blending of consonant and vowel sounds designed to imitate or suggest the activity being described.

Onomatopoeia

7

The addressing of a work (poem) to a real or imagined person or thing.

Apostrophe

8

An exaggeration for effect.

Hyperbole or Overstatement

9

A foot of poetry with one unstressed and one stressed syllable, such as "the tree."

Iamb

10

A devaluing for effect.

Understatement

11

Meaning "good sounds," this term refers to words containing pleasant sounds.

Euphony

12

A three-syllable foot consisting of a heavy stress followed by two lights, such as "Notable parables."

Dactyl

13

Words and expressions that conform to a particular pattern or form, such as metaphor, simile, etc.

Figure of Speech

14

The image or figurative language which carries the tenor.

Vehicle

15

The mood or attitude of a poem.

Tone

16

A two-syllable foot consisting of a heavy followed by a light stress, such as "flower."

Trochee

17

Words which seem to rhyme because parts of them are spelled identically but pronounced differently (e.g. "bear" and "fear").

Eye Rhyme

18

A rhetorical figure in which one thing is used as a substitute for another with which it is closely identified.

Metonymy

19

A near rhyme, such as "should" and "food."

Slant Rhyme

20

A rhetorical figure in which a part stands for a whole, or a whole for a part.

Synecdoche

21

The sense, or meaning, of a metaphor, symbol, or other figurative language.

Tenor

22

A line ending in a full pause, usually indicated by a period, semi-colon, or comma.

End-stopped Line

23

A two-syllable foot consisting of successive, equally heavy accents (e.g. "slow time").

Spondee

24

A rhetorical figure embodying a seeming contradiction that is nevertheless true.

Paradox

25

A figure of speech in which a comparison is being made (not using "like" or "as").

Metaphor

26

A metrical foot consisting of two unaccented syllables.

Pyrrhic

27

Poetry based on the natural rhythms of phrases and normal pauses, not metrical feet; French phrase for "free verse."

Vers Libre

28

The act of determining the prevailing rhythm of a poem.

Scansion

29

Rhyming words in which both the vowel and the consonant sounds rhyme, also called "perfect rhyme."

Exact Rhyme