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Flashcards in Population Deck (15):
1

What is birth rate?

The number of live babies born per thousand of the population per year

2

What is death rate?

The number of deaths per thousand of the population per year

3

Why is the population growing?

When the birth rate is higher than the death rate more people are being born than are dying so the population grows (natural increase)

4

What affects the population size of a country?

Migration- the movement of the people from one area to another area

5

What is the first stage of the DTM?

Birth rate- high and fluctuating
Death rate- high and fluctuating
Population growth rate- 0
Population size- low and steady

6

What is the second stage of the DTM?

Birth rate- high and steady
Death rate- rapidly falling
Population growth rate- very high
Population size- rapidly increasing

7

What is the third stage of the DTM?

Birth rate- rapidly falling
Death rate- slowly falling
Population growth rate- high
Population size- increasing

8

What is the fourth stage of the DTM?

Birth rate- low and fluctuating
Death rate low and fluctuating
Population growth rate- 0
Population size- high and steady

9

What is the fifth stage in the DTM?

Birth rate- slowly falling
Death rate- low and fluctuating
Population growth rate- negative
Population size- slowly falling

10

What are the impacts of rapid population growth?

Strains on healthcare systems and education systems
Aren't enough jobs increased poverty
Not enough houses
Food shortages

11

How do you control rapid population growth?

Birth control programmes- aims to reduce the birth rate, having laws for how many children you can have. Governments can help couples plan and limit by offending contraception and sex education
Immigration laws- aims to control immigration, limit the number of people immigrating and being selective

12

What is the case study for birth control programmes?

China
1979-2015
1.3 billion population

13

What is the effectiveness of the one child policy?

Prevented up to 400 million births
Noticed they wanted less children as they waned to become more wealthy
Slowed population growth

14

What is the non birth control case study?

Kerala

15

What are the impacts of ageing population

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