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Human Geography > Population Change > Flashcards

Flashcards in Population Change Deck (34):
1

Why does population distribution mean?

Where people are and are not (the spread)

2

What is populations density?

Average amount of people per km2

3

Spare population- why do few people live in these places?

Harsh climate
Rocky land
Desert
No jobs

4

Dense population- why do people live in these areas?

Jobs
Industry
Farmland
Flat land
Good rainfall
Resources
Coasts

5

Why do people live in south east England not the north?

Scotland-
Cold
Rain
No transport
High ground
Rocky

London-
Warm
Little rain
Flat land
Good transport
4.5 hours or sun

6

Why do people live in eastern china not the west ?

West-
Bad transport
Desert
Non cultivated
Little jobs
Very cold
Little rain
High land

East-
Many trains
Greenland
30% cultivation
Many jobs
Flat land
Warm
Rainfall

7

What is meant by birth rate?

Number of births per 1000 people a year

8

What is meant by death rate?

Number of deaths per 1000 people per year

9

What is means by rate of increase?

Difference between brith and death rates per 1000 pe Kellie per year

10

What does it mean if there's a high birth rate?

High infant mortality
No pensions
Access to contraception
Need children to earn money

11

What does it mean if there's a low birth rate?

Government rules
No contraception
Drought
Women have jobs

12

What does it mean if there's a high death rate?

Famine
High infant mortality
Lack of clean water
Lack of contraception
No sanitation
War
Drought
Lack of health care

13

What does it mean if a country has a low death rate?

Access to hospitals
Good harvest

14

What does the demographic transition model show?

Population change

15

What are the characteristics of stage 1 of the demographic transition model?

LIC

High birth rate
High death rate

Low population

16

What are the characteristics of stage 2 of the demographic transition model?

LIC

High birth rate
Decrease in deaths

Rising population

17

What are the characteristics of stage 3 of the demographic transition model?

Mic

Birth rate decreasing
Death rate decreasing

Population increasing

18

What are the characteristics of stage 4 of the demographic transition model?

Mic

Birth rate decreasing
Low death rate

Increasing population

19

What are the characteristics of stage 5 of the demographic transition model?

HIC

Birth rate drops
Death rate low

Decreasing population

20

Why was the 1 child policy introduced?

Overcrowding
Famine
Homeless and poverty
Lack of jobs
Pollution from waste
Drought

21

Why were he incentives for having 1 child?

Child receives free health care and education
Country isn't starved

22

What are the disincentives of the 1 child policy?

Person to report pregnancies
Have to ask permission for baby
24 to get married
Granny patrol
Fine if you break policy
Forced sterilisation
Forced abortion
Only get 1 card for 1 baby

23

Why does Singapore want to increase their birth rate?

Women work long hours and so don't think they can have time
Affording homes for families

24

What are the incentives of having more kids in Singapore ?

Paid IVF
maternity and paternity leave
Paid health care ($3000 per child)
Paid for kids (1st/2nd $6000--- 3rd/4th $8000)

25

What is a census?

A survey of the population

26

What is tenburys population?

Tenbury had a larger amount of over 45s than uks average
Tenbury has fewer younger people than uks average

27

What does an LIC population pyramid look like ?

Wide base - high birth
Narrow top- high death

Due to Infant mortality and bad sanitation

28

What does an HIC population pyramid look like?

Narrow base- low birth
Wide top- low death

Due to good sanitation and healthy care

29

What is an example of a country with a youthful population? (Case study)

The Gambia, Africa

30

What are the disadvantages of a youthful population?

Social-
Schools have 2 shifts and 3000 people
New schools and hospitals needed
1 in 10 die before age of 5
Population doubles every 28 years

Economic-
70% under 25s with no job
70% live below poverty line
1 in 3 14 year olds work for family

Environmental-
Forests gone in 50 years
Lack of housing = shanty towns

31

What are the advantages of a youthful population?

Social-
65% below 25 so new workers
45% below 14

Economic-
Growing market of goods and services

32

What is our case study for a country with an ageing population?

Japan

33

What are the positives of an ageing population?

Long life expectancy (84)
New jobs for care
Only 3% unemployed
Robots assist companies
Training schools in Beijing

34

What are the negative impacts of a country with an ageing population ?

2 million foreigners (200,000 illegal)
500,000 on waiting list for care
Hard to find worker 5 mil ages 15-24 used to be 8 mil
Biggest country with over 65s and under 15
Retirement ages from 60-65-70
50% of health care on elderly
Taxes increase