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NUR 256 (Medication Management) > Possible Exam Stuff > Flashcards

Flashcards in Possible Exam Stuff Deck (21):
1

Drug absorption

the drug moving from administration into the blood

Exceptions include IV administration

2

Drug distribution

the process of drugs being sent to various parts of the body

3

Drug metabolism

the chemical modification of a drug carried out by enzymes

4

Drug excretion

the final exiting of drugs from the body

5

Half life –

the amount of time it will take for medication to be at half of its dosage

6

Plasma concentration

the amount of compound found in a portion of blood

7

Hepatic first pass

the first time a drugs passes through the liver, this reduces the drugs effect

8

Discuss four normal controls of blood pressure

Prescribing calcium channel blocking drugs
Exercise
Limit alcohol
Eat less salt

9

What is Gluconeogenis?

The formation of glucose, especially by the liver from carbohydrate sources such as amino acids and the glycerol portion of fats

10

What is Glycogenolysis

Breakdown of stored glucose to increase the blood glucose levels

11

What are the classes of laxatives?

Bulk-forming laxatives
Hyper-osmolar
Emollient
Stimulant
Lubricant

12

What mechanisms do they use?

Hyperosmolar

Draws water into the gut causing distension and increases peristalsis

13

Bulk forming

Adds to stool mass increasing peristalsis

14

Stimulant

Stimulates the intestinal mucosa increasing peristalsis

15

Lubricant

Makes stool slippery and prevents water reabsorption

16

Emollient

Fat and water transported into the stool, softening it

17

What are some of the examples of each class of laxative?

Hyper-osmolar

Glycerin
Lactulose (duphulac)
Magnesium salt
Sorbitol

18

Bulk forming

Psyllium (metamucil)
Stercula (normacol)
Ispahula (fybogel)

19

Emollient

Paraffin (parachoc)
Doucsate sodium (coloxyl)

20

Stimulant

Bisacodyl
Castor oil
Senna

21

Lubricant

Mineral oil