Post & Future of Prison Policy - Haney & Zimbardo Flashcards Preview

Psychology A2 - G543 After a Guilty Verdict > Post & Future of Prison Policy - Haney & Zimbardo > Flashcards

Flashcards in Post & Future of Prison Policy - Haney & Zimbardo Deck (2):
1

Summary of changes over the last 25 years

- Ronald Reagan's Republican 'War on Drugs' led to political pressure to put more criminals behind bars

- Concept of rehabilitation was discredited - criminals deserved punishment

- Rigid sentencing, with no sentencing of parole

- Many new prisons built - USA imprisons most people

- Racial bias in prison population - 48% African Caribbean although only represent 6%. Mainly drug offences

Introduction of the Supermax cell

2

Suggestions for improvements

- Prisons should be used less as they are psychologically damaging

- Prisons should take into account individual differences, in particular how a person is likely to react to confinement

- Rehabilitation programmes are needed to teach prisoners the skill to cope once released

- Reform needs to come from people outside the prison system who are empowered to act on it.

- Psychological knowledge should be used to improve the conditions within prisons