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Flashcards in Practical 2 Deck (114):
1

Sponge: osculum

water exits after passing through the spongcoesl

2

Sponge: ostia

Lets water in

3

Sponge: spongocoel

large, central cavity of sponge

4

Sponge spicule

skeletal element

5

Hydra: epidermis

serves as protection

6

Hydra: endodermis

inside hydra??

7

Hydra: mesoglea

Flexibility

8

Hydra: tentacles and Cnidocyte

sting cells

9

Hydra: gastrovascular cavity

extra cellular digestion

10

Hydra: mouth

food enters here

11

Hydra: foot

attaches to rocks

12

Worm: setae

Help anchor and control when moving through soil

13

Worm: clitellum

Used for sexual purpose

14

Worm: segment

Help separate internal cavities into sections of different organs

15

Worm: septa

dividing wall between segments

16

Worm: Coelom

acts as a protective cushion for organs

17

Worm: crop

food storage area

18

Worm: Gizzard

grinds the food

19

Worm: intestine

waste to anus

20

worm: hearts

pumps blood through the body

21

Worm: cereal ganglion

brain of the earthworm

22

worm: nephridia

filters waste from the blood

23

Mussel: shell

protection

24

Mussel: mantle

makes the shell

25

Mussel: foot

aids in movement

26

Mussel: adductor muscle

open and closes the clam

27

Mussel: incurrent siphon

takes food and particles from respiration and feeding

28

Mussel: excurrent siphon

releases carbon dioxide and releases waste

29

Mussel: gills

gets oxygen from water

30

Mussel: digestive glands

secrets digestive enzymes

31

Mussel: intestine

transports waste, completes digestion, absorbs nutrients

32

Mussel: heart

aids in circulation

33

Crayfish: cephalothorax

hard and thorax fused together

34

Crayfish: abdomen

the tail

35

Crayfish: carapace

protects gills, provides a water channel

36

Crayfish: eyes

focuses light

37

Crayfish: antennae

touch, taste, and smell

38

crayfish: antennules

balance, touch and taste

39

Crayfish: mouth

where food enters

40

crayfish: walking legs

to walk

41

crayfish: chelipeds

self defense, getting food

42

Crayfish: gills

used for getting oxygen from the water

43

crayfish: stomach

stores and chews food

44

crayfish: green glands

filters liquid waste out of blood

45

crayfish: heart

pumps blood through out organism

46

crayfish: brain

coordinates the senses and nerve messages

47

crayfish: testes and ovaries

reproduction

48

Perch: dorsal fins

keeps fish up right

49

Perch: pelvic and pectoral fins

steering

50

Perch: caudal fin

propels fish

51

perch: operculum

protects the gills

52

perch: gills

gets oxygen from water

53

perch: eyes

help see

54

perch:lateral line

vibration

55

perch: brain

reviewed and processes sensory input

56

perch: swim bladder

keeps buoyancy

57

perch: intestine

absorption of nutrients

58

perch: liver

detoxifies poison, produces bile, and helps digest fat

59

perch: kidney

filters waste

60

perch: heart

pumps blood

61

perch: gonads

produces sperm or egg

62

Sponge: Reproductive structures

ASexual, or sexual

63

Hydra: Reproductive structures

asexual gonads near mouth?

64

Earthworm: Reproductive structures

Clitellum

65

Mussel: Reproductive structures

Gonads, sperm and eggs

66

Crayfish: Reproductive structures

ovaries and testies

67

Perch: Reproductive structures

Gonads

68

Sponge: Nervous system structures

none

69

hydra: Nervous system structures

Nerve net

70

Earthworm: Nervous system structures

Ganglia and nerve cords

71

Mussel: Nervous system structures

Ganglia clusters and nerves

72

Crayfish: Nervous system structures

brain and nerve cords

73

Perch: Nervous system structures

brain nervous system

74

Sponge: Digestive Structures

Osculum

75

Hydra: Digestive Structures

Gastrovascular cavity

76

Earthworm: Digestive Structures

complete

77

Mussels: Digestive Structures

complete

78

Crayfish: Digestive Structures

Complete

79

Perch: Digestive Structures

complete

80

Sponge: Respiratory organs

diffusion

81

Hydra: Respiratory organs

diffusion

82

Earthworm: Respiratory organs

skin

83

Mussels: Respiratory organs

gills

84

crayfish: Respiratory organs

gills

85

Perch: Respiratory organs

gills

86

Sponge: Excretory organs

Passive none

87

Hydra: Excretory organs

gastro/mouth

88

Earthworm: Excretory organs

nephridia and kidneys

89

Mussel: Excretory organs

gills and nephridia

90

Crayfish: Excretory organs

Green glands and gills

91

Perch: Excretory organs

kidney and gills

92

sponge: circulatory system form

None

93

Hydra: circulatory system form

None

94

Earthworm: circulatory system form

Closed

95

Mussel: circulatory system form

Open

96

Crayfish: circulatory system form

Open

97

Perch: circulatory system form

Closed

98

Eumetazoa

Porifera, cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Mollusca, Annelida, Nematoda, arthropoda, echinodermata, chordata

99

Bilateral

Platyhelminthes, Mollusca, annelida, Nematoda, arthropoda, echinodermata, chordata

100

Protostomia

Platyhelminthes, Mollusca, annelida, Nematoda, and arthropoda

101

Deuterostomia

Echinodermata, chordata

102

Lophotrochozoa

Platyhelminthes, Mollusca, and annelida

103

Ecdysozoa

Nematoda and arthropoda

104

Metezoa

all animals...

105

Porifera

Sponge

106

Cnidaria

Jellyfish

107

Platyhelminthes

Tapeworm and flukes

108

Mollusca

snails, mollusk, and squid

109

Annelida

Earthworms

110

Nematoda

Hook worm and other parasites

111

Arthropoda

insects, spiders, etc

112

Echinodermata

seastars

113

Chordata

fish, and other animals...

114

Gnathostomata

Has jaws: Chondrichthyes, actinopteyrgii, amphibia, testudines, lepidosauria, crocodile, aves, mammal