Pre-Test (Neurosurgery, ENT, Peds) Flashcards Preview

Surgery > Pre-Test (Neurosurgery, ENT, Peds) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pre-Test (Neurosurgery, ENT, Peds) Deck (24):
1

GCS motor points

1- nothing
2- abnormal extension (decerebrate posturing)
3- abnormal flexion (decorticate posturing)
4- withdrawal
5- purposeful movements
6- obeys commands

2

GCS Verbal points

1- nothing
2- incomprehensible sounds
3- incomprehensible words
4- disorientated, inappropriate content
5- oriented and appropriate

3

GCS eye points

1- nothing
2- to painful stimulus
3- to verbal stimulus
4- spontaneous

4

What is Temozolomide

alklyating agent used to treat GBM

5

Most likely diagnosis for a ring enhancing lesion found on immunocompetent pt

Metastatic disease

6

Tx when draining CSF from the nose

Dural repair

7

Workup of suspected SAH after LP shows significant blood

4-vessel cerebral angiogram to asses for cerebral aneurysm

8

Cushing's triad

Respiratory irregularities, bradycardia, hypertension

9

Craniophranygiomas come from

Remnants of Rathke's pouch

10

Pt's deemed to have substantial brain contusion should get what

Anticonvulsive meds to prevent seizure in early post-traumatic period

11

Primary tx for meningiomas

Surgical excision with adjuvant radiation therapy

12

LOC a few days after head trauma? tx

Subdural hematoma
Tx: drainage of hematoma through burr hole

13

Standard therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Chemoradiation

14

Tx for pleomorphic adenoma of parroted gland

Superficial parotidectomy with preservation of the facial nerve

15

Standard of therapy for thyroglossal duct cysts

Surgical resection - local resection of cyst and central portion of hyoid bone along w/ it's tract all the way to the base of the tongue

16

Lymphadenopathy in the neck of an adult

Indicative of metastatic SCC

17

Tx for imperforate anus

Perineal operation only
*Look for esophageal atresia as well*

18

Neonate vs infant biopsy for Hirschprung

Neonate - suction biopsy
Infant - full thickness biopsy 2cm above dentate line

19

VACTERL anomalies

Vertebral, Anal atresia, Cardiac defect (VSD), TracheoEsophageal fistula, Renal abnormalities, Limb dysplasia

20

Operation of choice for obstruction 2/2 annular pancreas

Bypass procedure

21

Maternal hx of what present in esophageal atresia

Polyhdramnios

22

What does the midgut rotate around when returning to abdominal cavity

270 degrees around SMA

23

Single most important risk factor in NEC

Prematurity

24

Test for suspected coarctation of the aorta

Echo