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Flashcards in Prepositions Deck (22)
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1

Under

sous

2

On/ on top of

sur

3

next to

à côté de

4

in

dans

5

in front of

devant (always used without 'de')

6

behind

derrière (used without 'de')

7

What are the five ways of saying 'to the' in french?

à la
à l'
au
aux
chez

8

When do you use 'à la' as a proposition?

When the word that follows is FEMININE

9

When do you use 'à l' ' as a preposition?

When the word that follows begins with an 'h' or with a vowel

10

When do you use 'au' as a preposition?

When the word that follows is MASCULIN

11

When do you use 'chez' as a preposition?

When you are referring to the home/place of a person. You describe the place you are going as the person's place. For example, the doctor's or your friend's house.

12

When do you use 'aux' as a preposition?

When the word that follows is a PLURAL

13

Give some examples of using 'chez' as a preposition

They are going to my aunt's house -
Ils vont chez ma tante

They are going to my house -
Ils vont chez moi

- You do not need to use à la or à l' when you are referring to a person's house or place-

I am going to the dentist -
je vais chez le dentiste

These require 'le' or 'la' because they are referring to the physical person (the doctor or dentist) as well as the place.

14

Show how the preposition 'De' is contracted.

de + le ---> du

de + les ---> des

de + la ---> de l' (if followed by 'h' or vowel)

15

Give the ways in which 'de' is used in conjunction with prepositions of place.

Près de - near to
à côté de - next to
en face de - facing
à droite de - to the right of
à gauche de - to the left of
loin de - far from
en bas de - at the bottom of

16

Show how 'de' is used in terms of distance and place.

Provenance (from):
il revient de france -
he comes back from france

Point de départ (starting point):
De bordeaux à toulouse, il y a environ 250km -
From bordeaux to toulouse, there is about 250km

17

Give some examples of how 'de' is used in terms of quantity.

beaucoup de - a lot of
un peu de - a bit of
1kg de - 1kg of
un tasse de - a cup of
un verre de - a glass of

18

Show how 'de' is used with some verbs.

parler de - to talk of/about something
se soucier de - to worry about something
se moquer de - to mock something
déprendre de - to get rid of

NOTE:
parler can be used with 'à' as well.
Parler à quelqu'un -
talking to someone

parler de quelqu'un -
talking of someone

19

Show how 'de' can be used for possession.

le frère de paul -
the brother of paul

20

Show how 'de' can be used after adjectives.

Elle est fière de ses enfants -
she is proud of her children

il est content de son école -
he is happy with his school (literally: he is happy of his school)

21

Underneath

dessous

22

On top of

dessus