Flashcards in Prepositions Deck (22)
On/ on top of
à côté de
in front of
devant (always used without 'de')
derrière (used without 'de')
What are the five ways of saying 'to the' in french?
When do you use 'à la' as a proposition?
When the word that follows is FEMININE
When do you use 'à l' ' as a preposition?
When the word that follows begins with an 'h' or with a vowel
When do you use 'au' as a preposition?
When the word that follows is MASCULIN
When do you use 'chez' as a preposition?
When you are referring to the home/place of a person. You describe the place you are going as the person's place. For example, the doctor's or your friend's house.
When do you use 'aux' as a preposition?
When the word that follows is a PLURAL
Give some examples of using 'chez' as a preposition
They are going to my aunt's house -
Ils vont chez ma tante
They are going to my house -
Ils vont chez moi
- You do not need to use à la or à l' when you are referring to a person's house or place-
I am going to the dentist -
je vais chez le dentiste
These require 'le' or 'la' because they are referring to the physical person (the doctor or dentist) as well as the place.
Show how the preposition 'De' is contracted.
de + le ---> du
de + les ---> des
de + la ---> de l' (if followed by 'h' or vowel)
Give the ways in which 'de' is used in conjunction with prepositions of place.
Près de - near to
à côté de - next to
en face de - facing
à droite de - to the right of
à gauche de - to the left of
loin de - far from
en bas de - at the bottom of
Show how 'de' is used in terms of distance and place.
il revient de france -
he comes back from france
Point de départ (starting point):
De bordeaux à toulouse, il y a environ 250km -
From bordeaux to toulouse, there is about 250km
Give some examples of how 'de' is used in terms of quantity.
beaucoup de - a lot of
un peu de - a bit of
1kg de - 1kg of
un tasse de - a cup of
un verre de - a glass of
Show how 'de' is used with some verbs.
parler de - to talk of/about something
se soucier de - to worry about something
se moquer de - to mock something
déprendre de - to get rid of
parler can be used with 'à' as well.
Parler à quelqu'un -
talking to someone
parler de quelqu'un -
talking of someone
Show how 'de' can be used for possession.
le frère de paul -
the brother of paul
Show how 'de' can be used after adjectives.
Elle est fière de ses enfants -
she is proud of her children
il est content de son école -
he is happy with his school (literally: he is happy of his school)