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French miscellany > Prepositions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prepositions Deck (92):
1

à gauche de

location: to the left of

2

sur

location: directly on or over s.t.

3

à raison de

manner: at the rate of, on the basis of

4

au bout de

time: after (elapsed time)
motion: after (covered distance)

5

à droite de

location: to the right of

6

contre

location: against
stance: against

7

à la merci de

causality: at the mercy of

8

chez

location: at the house/business of

9

aux environs de

location: in the vicinity of

10

en dépit de

manner: despite

11

selon

manner: depending on
according to

12

entre

location: between (two objects)

13

aux dépens de

manner: at the expense of

14

en face (de)

location: directly across from s.t.

15

à même

manner: directly from/on (boire à même la bouteille, s'asseoir à même la terre)

16

loin de

location: far from

17

au prix de

manner: at the cost of

18

aux alentours de

location: in the vicinity of

19

au lieu de

causality: instead of, in place of

20

il y a

time: ago (il y a trois jours)

21

devant

location: in front of, before

22

à travers

motion: through

23

en comparaison

manner: in comparison with

24

vers

location: near
motion: toward

25

au sud de

location: to the south of

26

sans

affiliation: without

27

envers

motion/action: toward (action/intention)

28

jusque

time: until, up to
location: as far as

29

à l'exception de

manner: except for

30

à cause de

causality: because of

31

auprès de

location: next to, with

32

à l'insu de

manner: without s.b. knowing

33

en guise de

manner: by way of

34

après

time: after

35

en

time: in (month, all seasons except "au printemps", specific year)
location: in (countries/regions, fem or beginning with vowel)(some islands, e.g. Haïti, Martinique, Guadaloupe)
attribute: of (material, e.g en acier)
motion: by (means of transport, except bicycle)
(en accord)

36

pendant

time: during (a time or event)

37

à

time: at (time of day); in spring (au printemps, all other seasons "en"); in (age/era); ...to (time period, de...à)
place: buildings, city names, country/region names (masc)
motion: by (means of transport, e.g. à pied)
type: of (material type); for (purpose)

38

lors de

time: at the time of, during

39

pour

causality: for, because of
intended use: for
stance: for (être pour une idée)

40

au-dessus (de)

location: above

41

au-delà de

location, motion: beyond (another location)

42

au cours de

time/sequence: in the course of

43

quitte à

even if it means

44

le lang de

location: along

45

à force de

manner: by dint of

46

avant

time: before

47

quant à

as for, as to

48

au-dessous (de)

location: below

49

autour de

location: around

50

en bas de

location: at the bottom of

51

avec

association: with
manner: with (avec joie)

52

dans

time: in (until s.t. happens)
location: in (room, building, street, "city" e.g. dans la ville) (book, newspaper, etc. dans le livre) (world - dans le monde) some usage: dans le Midi, dans le Languedoc, dans l'État de New York
motion: by (means of transportation -- dans le train)

53

en-dehors de

location: outside, apart from

54

en bas

location: underneath, below, downstairs

55

en dehors

location: directly outside of s.t.

56

au-dehors de

location: outside

57

par

location: through
manner: by the means of
causality: by (cause of action in the passive: La voiture est lavée par le garçon)
frequency: per (trois fois par semaine)

58

de côté de

manner: edgewise

59

au bord de

causality: by, not the verge of, at the bring ok

60

à l'instar de

manner: following the example of

61

d'après

according to (a source)

62

au bas de

location: at the bottom of, at the foot of

63

par rapport à

manner: in comparison with, in relation to, with regard to

64

à défaut de

causality: for lack of

65

en haut

location: above, upstairs

66

à l'egard de

manner: toward, with regard to

67

depuis

time: since (starting point), for (period up to now)

68

dés

time: as soon as/as early as

69

au milieu de

location: in the middle of

70

de peur de

motivation: for fear of

71

sauf

manner: except (for)

72

en tant que

method: as (in the manner of)

73

au moyen de

manner: by the means of

74

malgré

causality: in spite of

75

faute de

causality: for lack of, for want of

76

hors

location: out of, outside of the limits of s.t. (la ville, tax)

77

en raison de

causality: because of, due to

78

au coin de

location: at the corner of

79

près de

location: near to

80

au nord de

location: to the north of

81

derrière

location: behind

82

à côté de

location: next to, beside

83

à partir de

causality: from

84

sous

location: directly under s.t.

85

à la faveur de

causality: thanks to, owing to

86

grâce à

causality: thanks to

87

face à

manner: against, faced with

88

à même de

manner: in a position to do something

89

parmi

affiliation: among

90

de façon a

motivation: so as to

91

de

time: from... (de...à; time or days)
location: from
relation: of/by/from (larger group, creator, source)

92

vis-à-vis de

next to, against