Prevention Of Substance Use And Abuse Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Prevention Of Substance Use And Abuse Deck (23):
1

Are habit forming substances that may not be addictive but may lead to the use of other addictive and dangerous drugs

Gateway drugs

2

Other types of gateway drugs

Marijuana, inhalants

3

A cyrindrical paper containing dried and shredde tobacco leaves

Cigarette

4

Main component:

Nicotine
Stimulant that is highly addictive

5

Reasons why people smoke

Peer pressure
Parental influence
Advertising and media
Self medication
Stress relief
Weight control
To feel mature and sophisticated
Risk taking behavior

6

Hair

Short

Long

Smelly hair



Hair loss

7

Head

Short



Long

Headache,dizziness


Prolonged or chronic headache

8

Eyes long

Cataract and blindness
Night vision

9

Ears long

Mild to moderate hearing loss

10

Mouth

Short

Long

Halistosis(bad breath), stained teeth,mouth sores

Gum disease leading to tooth loss,increased risk for mouth and throat cancer

11

Skin

Short

Long

Dryness..Dull gray skin tone


Discoloration and wrinkles

12

Lungs


Short

Long

Shortness of breath,asthma attacks,more coughs and colds



Chronic cough
Lung cancer

13

Heart

Increased heart rate and blood pressure


Heart disease,heart attack

14

Stomach

Hyperacidity


Ulcers

15

Is smoke inhaled into the somker’s mouth and lungs

Mainstream smoke

16

Is also called Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)

It is the mixture of the smoke coming from the burning end of a cigarette and the smoke inhaled by the smoker

Second hand smoke

17

Is the residue from cigarrette smoke found in clothes,furniture,and other surfaces after the cigarrette has been put out

Third hand smoke

18

Is an itoxicating substance produced by fermenation of grains and fruits

Alcohol

19

Reasons for drinking alcohol

Peer pressure
Stress relief
To lose one’s inhibitions
Curiosity
Socialization
Physcoactive effects
Modeled by others

20

Reasons for drinking and not drinking alcohol

Religion
Avoiding dependency and addiction
Pregnancy
Taking medications for mental health problems
Taking medications for long term conditions
Intolerance to alcohol

21

Short term effects for drinking

Slurred speech
Impaired judgement
Distorted vision and hearing
Decreased coordination
Decreased perception
Headaches
Drowsiness
Unconsciousness
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Upset stomach
Breathing difficulties
Anemia
Blackouts

22

BAC

Blood alcohol concentration

23

Is the amount of alcohol in aperson’s blood

BAC