Preventive medicine Flashcards Preview

VT 9 Terms > Preventive medicine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Preventive medicine Deck (46):
1

MLV

Modified Live virus

2

CAV-1

Canine Adenovirus type 1

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DHLPP

Distemper, Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, pavorvirus and parainfluenza

4

DA2PPv

Distemper, Adenovirus type 1-2, parvovirus, parainfluenza

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FVRCP

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus and Panleukopenia

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EEE

Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis

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WEE

Western Equine Encephalomyelitis

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EWT

EEE, WEE Tetanus

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WNV

West Nile Virus

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IBR

Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis

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BVD

Bovine Viral Diarrhea

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Rhinotracheitis

Rhin/o = nose
Trache/o = trachea/windpipe
-itis = inflammation

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Panleukopenia

Pan = all
Leuk/o = white
-penia = deficiency

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Encephalomyelitis

Encephal/o = brain
Myel/o = spinal cord
-itis = inflammation

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Rhinopneumonitis

Rhin/o = nose
Pneum/o = lung
-itis = inflammation

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Tracheobronchitis

Trache/o = trachea, windpipe
Bronch/i = bronchial tube
-itis = inflammation

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Live virulent vaccine

A vaccine containing the fully virulent form of the disease causing agent

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Modified Live Vaccine

Attenuated (weakened); vaccine prepared from live microorganisms that have lost their virulence but retained their ability to induce protective immunity

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Killed Virus Vaccine

Vaccine prepared from killed viruses

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Bacterin

Vaccine prepared from killed bacteria

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Live Avirulent Bacteria Vaccine

Vaccine prepared from live bacteria that have lost their virulence but retained their ability to induce protective immunity

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Recombinant Vaccine

Vaccine that contains a live virus or bacteria that is genetically engineered to create proteins that induce immunity to the pathogenic virus or bacteria that normally produces them

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Subunit vaccine

Vaccine containing only specific antigenic proteins of the infectious agent

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Toxoid

A toxin treated by heat or chemical agent to destroy its harmful properties without destroying its ability to stimulate the production of antibodies

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Monovalent vaccine

Vaccine prepared from only one strain or species of microorganism

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Polyvalent vaccine

Vaccine prepared from multiple strains or species of microorganisms

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Core vaccine

Vaccines recommended for all members of a species because the pathogens are widely distributed and pose a substantial risk of severe disease

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Noncore vaccine

Vaccines that are used at the discretion of the veterinarian and the client

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Antigenicity

The capacity to stimulate the production of antibodies or cell mediated immune responses

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Adjuvant

A substance added to a vaccine to enhance the body’s immune response to the antigen

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Anaphylaxis

A severe response to a foreign substance

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Sarcoma

Malignant neoplasms of the soft tissue arising from the connective tissue

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Mucopurulent

Marked by an exudate containing both mucus and pus

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Hyperkeratosis

Increased growth of the horny layer of the skin

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Lethargy

Condition of drowsiness or indifference

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Secondary Infection

Infection of a pathogen following infection by a pathogen of another kind

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Enteritis

Inflammation of the small intestine

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Oculonasal discharge

Discharge from the eyes and nose

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Conjunctiva

The mucous membrane that lines the underside of each eyelid

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Anorexia

Lack or loss of appetite

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“Blue Eye”

A common name given to edema of the cornea

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Endemic

The ongoing presence of disease in a group

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In utero

Within the uterus

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Effusion

Fluid escaping from blood or lymphatic vessels into tissues or spaces

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Triennial

Occurring every three years

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Eradication

Extermination of an infectious agent so that no further cases of the related disease can occur