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Flashcards in Principles Deck (25):
1

Definition: Uniform standards of construction originating in NYC in 1916 to protect the health, safety, and welfare of people. It also regulates the use of land, light, air and open space while protecting property values and protecting against nuisances (factories in residential areas), undesirable businesses (porn shops near schools) and dangers (hazardous chemicals in public areas)

Zoning

2

Definition: Encourages private developers to provide amenities for public use in exchanges for opportunities to build larger and taller structures on a site.

Incentive Zoning

3

Definition: When a building is no longer permitted by the zoning ordinance, but is typically allowed to stay unless it is unsafe.

Nonconforming Use

4

Definition: A building that is permitted in an area that it is not zoned for, to benefit the public.

Conditional Use

5

Definition: Applied for by the owner on a private site to ask for a deviation from the ordinance in order to avoid hardship.

Variance

6

Definition: A change in the zoning ordinance for a specific area.

Spot Zoning

7

Definition: A municipal law.

Ordinance

8

Definition: Required open space measured between the property line and face of the building to preserve light, air, and spaciousness.

Setback

9

Definition: Utilized by communities principally to achieve planned street patterns and help insure buildings are not erected in the bed of projected streets of potential street widening.

Building Line

10

Definition: Legal right of government or another land owner to use one's property for a specific purpose.

Easement

11

Definition: It prevents development that upsets something scenic to the public.

Scenic Easement

12

Definition: The valuation of property for the purpose of taxes.

Assessment

13

Definition: Used to fund public space improvements with the intention that it will enhance the area's appeal and is paid for by all business owner's who would benefit from it through increased taxes.

Business Improvement Districts

14

Definition: Power of the state to take private property without owner's consent, but with fair market value of the land compensation and must be used for government or public development.

Eminent Domain

15

Definition: To place limitations on the use of the property, typically by the original developers, who determined what the land would be used for and cannot be changed by future owners.

Deed Restrications

16

Definition: Limitations and stipulations used in residential settings for aesthetic, pet control, or storage related purposes.

Restrictive Covenant

17

Definition: Commits a buyer to performing duties in the future.

Affirmative Covenant

18

Definition: If a restriction is violated or disregarded, the land will revert back to original owners/heirs.

Conditional Covenant

19

Definition: The right for people to cross land owned by another person.

Right-Of-Way

20

How many square feet is 1 acre?

43,560 sqft

21

When was the US Land Survey conducted?

The 1780s

22

Definition: A square plot of land 24 miles on each side divided by primes and meridians.

Check

23

Definition: A square plot of land 6 miles on each side contains 36 1-mile sections.

Township

24

Definition: A square plot of land 1 mile on each side and contains 640 acres.

Section

25

Definition: A square plot of land that is 1/2 of a mile on each side.

Quarter Section