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Flashcards in protist fungi and plants Deck (23):
1

an organism that belongs to the kingdom protista

protist

2

an organism that gets food by eating other organisms or their byproducts and that cannot make organic compounds from inorganic materials

heterotroph

3

an organism that feeds on an organism of another species (the host) and that usually harms the host; the host never benefits from the presence of the parasite

parasite

4

an organism form which a parasite takes food or shelter

host

5

an organism, especially a soil bacterium, fungus, or invertebrate, that decomposes organic material.

decomposer

6

an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the genetic material is DNA in the form of chromosomes contained within a distinct nucleus. Eukaryotes include all living organisms other than the eubacteria and archaebacteria.

Eukaryote

7

an organism whose cells have nuclei rigid cell walls and no chlorophyll and that belongs to the kingdom fungi

fungi

8

typically one-celled, reproductive unit capable of giving rise to a new individual without sexual fusion, characteristic of lower plants, fungi, and protozoans.

spore

9

a simple slow-growing plant that typically forms a low crust like, leaf like, or branching growth on rocks, walls, and trees.

lichen

10

belong to the division Bryophyta, which includes mosses, liverworts, and hornworts. These plants have no vascular tissue, so the plants cannot retain water or deliver it to other parts of the plant body.

Nonvascular plant

11

also known as tracheophytes and also higher plants, form a large group of plants that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.

Vascular plant

12

a plant that has seeds unprotected by an ovary or fruit. Gymnosperms include the conifers, cycads, and ginkgo.

Gymnosperm

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a plant that has flowers and produces seeds enclosed within a carpel. The angiosperms are a large group and include herbaceous plants, shrubs, grasses, and most trees.

Angiosperm

14

the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a byproduct.

Photosynthesis

15

is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products. ... Respiration is one of the key ways a cell releases chemical energy to fuel cellular activity.

Cellular respiration

16

is the process where plants absorb water through the roots and then give off water vapor through pores in their leaves. An example of transpiration is when a plant absorbs water in its roots.

Transpiration

17

the turning of all or part of an organism in a particular direction in response to an external stimulus.

Tropism

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(also known as geotropism) is a turning or growth movement by a plant or fungus in response to gravity. It is a general feature of all higher and many lower plants as well as other organisms.

Gravitropism

19

the orientation of a plant or other organism in response to light, either toward the source of light ( positive phototropism ) or away from it ( negative phototropism ).

Phototropism

20

where one cell splits into two

Asexual Reproduction

21

a disease caused by toxoplasmas, transmitted chiefly through under cooked meat, or in soil or cat feces. Symptoms generally pass unremarked in adults, but infection can be dangerous to unborn children.

Toxoplasmosis

22

a disease spread through mosquito

Malaria

23

infection is an intestinal infection marked by abdominal cramps, bloating, nausea and bouts of watery diarrhea. Giardia infection is caused by a microscopic parasite that is found worldwide, especially in areas with poor sanitation and unsafe water.

Giardia