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Flashcards in Psyc8 Deck (26):
1

What is a Personality Trait?

An enduring, repetitive pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself

2

What is a Personality Disorder?

Inflexible, maladaptive, and rigidly pervasive pattern of behavior causing subjective distress and/or impaired functioning

Person is usually NOT aware of problem

Presents by early adulthood

3

What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Odd or eccentric, inability to develop meaningful social relationships. No psychosis

Cluster A

4

What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Anxious, fearful

Cluster C

5

What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Genetic association to anxiety disorders

Cluster C

6

What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Dramatic, emotional, Erratic

Cluster B

7

What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Genetic association with Schizophrenia

Cluster A

8

What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Genetic association with mood disorders and substance abuse

Cluster B

9

What are the types of Cluster A disorders?

Paranoid
Schizoid
Schizotypal

10

What are the types of Cluster B disorders?

Antisocial
Borderline
Histrionic
Narcissistic

11

What are the types of Cluster C disorders?

Avoidant
Obsessive-compulsive
Dependent

12

Cluster A: Paranoid

Pervasive distrust and suspiciousness

Projection is major defense mechanism

13

Cluster A: Schizoid

Voluntary social withdrawal
Limited emotional expresiong
Content with social isolation

"schizoiD = Distant"

14

Cluster A: Schizotypal

Eccentric appearance
Odd beliefs
Magical thinking
Interpersonal awkwardness

"schizoTypal = magical Thinking"

15

Cluster B: Antisocial

Disregard for and violation of rights of others
Criminality
Males > Females

"antiSOCial = SOCiopath"

16

If a person LESS than 18 is exhibiting cluster B: antisocial what is there diagnosis?

Conduct disorder

17

Cluster B: Borderline

Unstable mood & Interpersonal relationships
Impulsiveness
Self-mutilation
Boredom
Sense of Emptiness
Females > Male

Splitting is a major defense mechanism

18

Cluster B: Histrionic

Excessive emotionality & excitability
Attention seeking
Sexually provocative
Overly concerned with appearance

19

Cluster B: Narcissistic

Grandiosity
Sense of entitlement
Lacks empathy and requires excessive admiration
Often demands the "best" and react to criticism with rage

20

Cluster C: Avoidant

Hypersensitive to rejection
Socially inhibited
Timid
Feelings of inadequacy
Desires relationship with others

21

Cluster C: Obsessive-Compulsive

Preoccupation with order, perfectionism, and control
Ego-syntonic: behavior consistent with one's own beliefs and attitudes

22

Cluster C: Dependent

Submissive and clinging, excessive need to be taken care of, low self-confidence

23

Keeping "schizo-" straight:

Schizoid < Schizotypal < Schizophrenic < Schizoaffective

24

Schizotypal.

Schizoid + odd thinking

25

Schizophrenic.

Greater odd thinking than schizotypal

26

Schizoaffective.

Schizophrenic psychotic symptoms + bipolar or depressive mood disorder