Flashcards in Psyc8 Deck (26):
What is a Personality Trait?
An enduring, repetitive pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself
What is a Personality Disorder?
Inflexible, maladaptive, and rigidly pervasive pattern of behavior causing subjective distress and/or impaired functioning
Person is usually NOT aware of problem
Presents by early adulthood
What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Odd or eccentric, inability to develop meaningful social relationships. No psychosis
What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Anxious, fearful
What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Genetic association to anxiety disorders
What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Dramatic, emotional, Erratic
What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Genetic association with Schizophrenia
What cluster type personality disorder fits this description: Genetic association with mood disorders and substance abuse
What are the types of Cluster A disorders?
What are the types of Cluster B disorders?
What are the types of Cluster C disorders?
Cluster A: Paranoid
Pervasive distrust and suspiciousness
Projection is major defense mechanism
Cluster A: Schizoid
Voluntary social withdrawal
Limited emotional expresiong
Content with social isolation
"schizoiD = Distant"
Cluster A: Schizotypal
"schizoTypal = magical Thinking"
Cluster B: Antisocial
Disregard for and violation of rights of others
Males > Females
"antiSOCial = SOCiopath"
If a person LESS than 18 is exhibiting cluster B: antisocial what is there diagnosis?
Cluster B: Borderline
Unstable mood & Interpersonal relationships
Sense of Emptiness
Females > Male
Splitting is a major defense mechanism
Cluster B: Histrionic
Excessive emotionality & excitability
Overly concerned with appearance
Cluster B: Narcissistic
Sense of entitlement
Lacks empathy and requires excessive admiration
Often demands the "best" and react to criticism with rage
Cluster C: Avoidant
Hypersensitive to rejection
Feelings of inadequacy
Desires relationship with others
Cluster C: Obsessive-Compulsive
Preoccupation with order, perfectionism, and control
Ego-syntonic: behavior consistent with one's own beliefs and attitudes
Cluster C: Dependent
Submissive and clinging, excessive need to be taken care of, low self-confidence
Keeping "schizo-" straight:
Schizoid < Schizotypal < Schizophrenic < Schizoaffective
Schizoid + odd thinking
Greater odd thinking than schizotypal